Why the Calendar of the Torah was 360 Days, New Moons, and the True Fulfillment of Torah Appointed Times

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Recommended before reading this study,

The Soul, the Aeolian Body, Death, the Mistranslation of the Word Spirit, the Identity of the Airflow of God

The ancient calendar of the Torah is not the same as any of the calendars widely used today, neither by the nations, who use the Gregorian calendar, nor even Israel, who use the Jewish calendar, which is why the “months” of the Torah, which is the Hebrew word “chodesh”, which also means “new moon”,

But on the second day, the day after the new moon, David’s place was empty. And Saul said to Jonathan his son, “Why has not the son of Jesse come to the meal, either yesterday or today?” (1 Samuel 20:27)

On the third new moon after the people of Israel had gone out of the land of Egypt, on that day they came into the wilderness of Sinai. (Exodus 19:1)

You are wearied with your many counsels; let them stand forth and save you, those who divide the heavens, who gaze at the stars, who at the new moons make known what shall come upon you. (Isaiah 47:13)

Had different names than the months of the official Jewish calendar used today, such as the second month, which was called Ziv, which today is called Iyar in the official Jewish calendar,

In the four hundred and eightieth year after the people of Israel came out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel, in the new moon of Ziv, which is the second new moon, he began to build the house of Yehovah. (1 Kings 6:1)

In the fourth year the foundation of the house of Yehovah was laid, in the new moon of Ziv. (1 Kings 6:37)

And the seventh month, which was called Ethanim, which today is called Tishri in the official Jewish calendar,

And all the men of Israel assembled to King Solomon at the feast in the new moon of Ethanim, which is the seventh new moon. (1 Kings 8:2)

And the eighth month, which was called Bul, which today is called Cheshvan in the official Jewish calendar,

And in the eleventh year, in the new moon of Bul, which is the eighth new moon, the house was finished in all its parts, and according to all its specifications. He was seven years in building it. (1 Kings 6:38)

For the current official Jewish calendar began to come into usage around the Babylonian exile, which is why the names of the months of this calendar are Babylonian, which are Nisan, Iyar, Sivan, Tammuz, Av, Elul, Tishri, Chesvan, Kislev, Tevet, Shevat, and Adar, which is a lunisolar calendar which bases its year on the sun, but bases its months on the moon, and every few years an extra month called Adar 2 is added to the year to synchronize the lunar months with the solar year, which is called a “leap year”, because of a phenomenon that occurred that began to be noticed around or before this time, the orbit of the earth around the sun slowed, which today takes the earth around 365.25 days to do one complete orbit around the sun, which in turn caused the orbit of the moon to reach a complete orbit back to its precise synodic point between the earth and the sun, from one new moon to another, in less time than before, which today is a lesser “lunation” time of around 29.5 days, which before was a greater “lunation” time of precisely 30 days, which is why 150 days was precisely 5 months when the flood happened, which was 5 precise new moons,

And the waters prevailed on the earth 150 days. (Genesis 7:24)

In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second new moon, on the seventeenth day of the new moon, on that day all the fountains of the great deep burst forth, and the windows of the heavens were opened. (Genesis 7:11)

and in the seventh new moon, on the seventeenth day of the new moon, the ark came to rest on the mountains of Ararat. (Genesis 8:4)

And also why certain prophecies in the scriptures use 30 day months,

but do not measure the court outside the temple; leave that out, for it is given over to the nations, and they will trample the holy city for 42 months. And I will grant authority to my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for 1,260 days, clothed in sackcloth. (Revelation 11:2-3)

For the months of the Torah were based on the moon, where the “new moon” signified a new month, which is why the Torah commanded offerings to be brought on every “new moon”, along with the blasting of the trumpets, because a new month had begun,

At the new moons, you shall offer a burnt offering to Yehovah: two bulls from the herd, one ram, seven male lambs a year old without blemish; also three tenths of an ephah of fine flour for a grain offering, mixed with oil, for each bull, and two tenths of fine flour for a grain offering, mixed with oil, for the one ram; and a tenth of fine flour mixed with oil as a grain offering for every lamb; for a burnt offering with a pleasing aroma, a food offering to Yehovah. Their drink offerings shall be half a hin of wine for a bull, a third of a hin for a ram, and a quarter of a hin for a lamb. This is the burnt offering of each new moon throughout the new moons of the year. (Numbers 28:11-14)

On the day of your… new moons, you shall blow the trumpets… (Numbers 10:10)

Blow the trumpet at the new moon… (Psalm 81:3)

Which the apostle Paul explained was no longer necessary to observe,

Therefore let no one judge you by what you eat or drink… New Moon, or a Shabbat.
(Colossians 2:16)

And 12 precise new moons of 30 days each was precisely 360 days, which is why the ancient calendars from advanced civilizations in astronomy and the ancient calendar of the Torah were calendars of 360 days, because one complete orbit of the earth around the sun was also precisely 360 days, and also why these ancient calendars were only lunar, because 12 precise new moons of 30 days each was precisely one complete orbit of the earth around the sun, for even though the moon depends on the sun to radiate its light, which is why the sun is called the “greater” light, not just because of its greater brilliance than the moon,

And God made the two great lights—the greater light to rule the day and the lesser light to rule the night—and the stars. (Genesis 1:16)

In the ancient lunar calendar of the Torah only the progressive lunar phases of the moon needed to be observed to mark months, years, appointed times,

…And let them be for signs and for appointed times, and for days and years, (Genesis 1:14)

He made the moon to mark the appointed times; the sun knows its time for setting. (Psalm 104:19)

And even days, because a precise day in the year could also be determined by knowing how many new moons have passed in the year and what the current phase of the moon was, and all this was possible because of the way God brought the earth into existence “in the beginning”, when time began, which was measured by God precisely,

In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. (Genesis 1:1)

For the earth was brought into existence by God in Day 1 of creation with orbit and rotation, which is why an invisible progression of “days” and “evening and morning” already existed on that day, which was done in preparation for Day 4 of creation, when the sun and the moon would be brought into existence by God,

God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, the first day. (Genesis 1:5)

And God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens… And there was evening and there was morning, the fourth day. (Genesis 1:14-19)

And when God brought the sun into existence, it brought a visible division and progression of day and night of an already invisible orbit and rotation that existed,

to separate the day from the night… (Genesis 1:14)

Thus the time of the rotation of the earth could be measured using the sun, using the duration of the light to measure “day” and the duration of the lack of light to measure “night”, where a “day” in the Torah began in the equivalent time of around 6:00pm in our clock of hours used today, around sunset, and ended the next day around 6:00pm our time, around sunset, thus “one day” was first a full evening, then it was a full day, thus “evening and morning”, one day,

And God called the expanse Heaven. And there was evening and there was morning, the second day. (Genesis 1:8)

As opposed to the Gregorian calendar days which are half evening beginning at midnight, then full day, then half evening again ending at midnight, which are days that center around the sun, where during the time of Yeshuah, the Romans used a similar clock of hours as we do in our current time, and divided a day into 24 hours with the hours of the day beginning at midnight, yet the Jews divided a day into “twelve hours”, where the “first hour” was in between or around our 6:00am to 7:00am, the “second hour” was in between or around our 7:00am to 8:00am, the “third hour” was in between or around our 8:00am to 9:00am, the “fourth hour” was in between or around our 9:00am to 10:00am, the “fifth hour” was in between or around our 10:00am to 11:00am, the “sixth hour” was in between or around our 11:00am to 12:00pm, the “seventh hour” was in between or around our 12:00pm to 1:00pm, the “eighth hour” was in between or around our 1:00pm to 2:00pm, the “ninth hour” was in between or around our 2:00pm to 3:00pm, the “tenth hour” was in between or around our 3:00pm to 4:00pm, the “eleventh hour” was in between or around our 4:00pm to 5:00pm, and the “twelfth hour” was in between or around our 5:00pm to 6:00pm,

Yeshuah answered, “Are there not twelve hours in the day? If anyone walks in the day, he does not stumble, because he sees the light of this world. (John 11:9)

And the night was divided into “four watches”, where the “first watch” was in between or around our 6:00pm to 9:00pm, the “second watch” was in between or around our 9:00pm to 12:00am, the “third watch” was in between or around our 12:00am to 3:00am, and the “fourth watch” was in between or around our 3:00am to 6:00am,

If he comes in the second watch, or in the third, and finds them awake, blessed are those servants! (Luke 12:38)

But understand this: If the owner of the house had known in which watch of the night the thief was coming, he would have kept watch and would not have let his house be broken into. (Matthew 24:43)

And in the fourth watch of the night he came to them, walking on the sea. (Matthew 14:25)

And when God brought the moon into existence, it brought a visible division and progression of months, where the measure of time for “month” could be measured using the progressive lunar phases of the moon, from one new moon to the next new moon, which could also be used to measure the time for “year”, yet the “new moon” of the Torah is not our current definition of a “new moon”, which currently is the lunar phase of the moon that is completely dark, but it was a “crescent moon”, a phase of the moon where only a sliver of the moon is lit after a the completely dark phase of the moon, which signified a new month, where the beginning of the new moon of the Torah, which is our crescent moon, was the 1st day of the Torah new moon, or day 1 of the month,

crescent_moon.fw

Then the beginning of the first quarter of the moon was the 8th day of the Torah new moon, or day 8 of the month,

first_quarter_moon.fw

Then the beginning of the full moon was the 15th day of the Torah new moon, or day 15 of the month,

full_moon.fw

Which is why the Passover lamb was killed on the 14th day of the Torah new moon, which is the day that was called “Passover”, which was killed at “bayin ereb”, which means “in the time before evening”, which is around the “ninth” Jewish hour, which is around the time Yeshuah died after he was crucified, which was in 30 AD, or 4003 YB, which in that year fell on the third day of the week, which is our current Wednesday afternoon, around or in between our current time of 2:00pm to 3:00pm, in fulfillment of the precise day and time of the slaughter of the Passover lamb,

Your lamb shall be perfect, a male son of the year. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats, and you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of this new moon, when the all the assemblies of the congregation of Israel shall kill their lambs in the time before evening. (Exodus 12:5-6)

In the first new moon, on the fourteenth day of the new moon in the time before evening, is the Passover of Yehovah. (Leviticus 23:5)

And at the ninth hour Yeshuah cried with a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” which means, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” And some of the bystanders hearing it said, “Behold, he is calling Elijah.” And someone ran and filled a sponge with sour wine, put it on a reed and gave it to him to drink, saying, “Wait, let us see whether Elijah will come to take him down.” And Yeshuah uttered a loud cry and breathed his last. (Mark 15:34-37)

For the Messiah, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed. (1 Corinthians 5:7)

For that evening after the Passover lamb was killed was the beginning of the 15th day of the Torah new moon, which was the full moon, which is when the “feast” of Passover began, which is why trumpets were blasted on this specific full moon,

Blow the trumpet.. at the full moon, on our feast day. (Psalm 81:3)

On the day of your gladness also, and at your appointed feasts… you shall blow the trumpets… (Numbers 10:10)

Which consisted of eating the Passover lamb that was killed hours ago, a “feast”, and also eating the unleavened bread on the Feast of Unleavened Bread that also began on that same night, which was commanded to be eaten at the evening at the 14th day, meaning the evening that began the 15th day, until the evening at the 21st day, meaning until the evening that began the 22nd day, thus ending ending at the “twelfth” Jewish hour or around or in between our 5:00pm to 6:00pm of the 21st day, thus 7 days from the 15th day of the first Torah new moon to the 21st day of the first Torah new moon,

They shall eat the flesh that night, roasted on the fire; with unleavened bread and bitter herbs they shall eat it. (Exodus 12:8)

And on the fifteenth day of the same new moon is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to Yehovah; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. (Leviticus 23:6)

In the first new moon, from the fourteenth day of the new moon at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread until the twenty-first day of the new moon at evening. (Exodus 12:18)

Where that evening that began the 15th day of the first Torah new moon was also the beginning of the “High Shabbat”, where no work could be done on the High Shabbat just as no work could be done on the weekly Shabbat, which were two different Shabbats,

On the first day you shall hold a set-apart convocation, and on the seventh day a set-apart convocation. No work shall be done on those days. But what everyone needs to eat, that alone may be prepared by you. (Exodus 12:16)

Which is why after Yeshuah died, he was entombed quickly, for not only did the Torah command that bodies be buried on the same day before the next day began in the evening,

And if a man has committed a crime punishable by death and he is put to death, and you hang him on a tree, his body shall not remain all night on the tree, but you shall bury him the same day, for a hanged man is cursed by God. You shall not defile your land that Yehovah your God is giving you for an inheritance. (Deuteronomy 21:22-23)

But a Shabbat was about to begin, which is also why the 14th day of the first Torah new moon was called the “day of preparation”, a day to prepare for a Shabbat that was coming the next day, which was a High Shabbat in this instance, not the weekly Shabbat,

And when evening had come, since it was the day of Preparation, that is, the day before the Shabbat, (Mark 15:42)

It was the day of Preparation, and the Shabbat was beginning. (Luke 23:54)

Since it was the day of Preparation, and so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Shabbat (for that Shabbat was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken and that they might be taken away. (John 19:31–42)

Where the “last supper” of Yeshuah was not the “Passover feast” of the next evening that began the 15th day, when the actual Passover lamb was eaten, but a meal at the day of preparation on the previous evening that began the 14th day, which was also considered a “Passover meal” because it was eaten on the same day the Passover lamb was killed, in which case then the lamb was then eaten in the “Passover feast” the next evening, where the place the disciples ate that “last supper” was also intended to be the place where they would eat the Passover lamb the next evening,

Now before Unleavened Bread the disciples came to Yeshuah, saying, “Where will you have us prepare for you to eat the Passover?” (Matthew 26:17)

And before day of Unleavened Bread, when they sacrifice the Passover lamb, his disciples said to him, “Where will you have us go and prepare for you to eat the Passover?” (Mark 14:12)

Now the Feast of Unleavened Bread arrived, when the Passover lamb is sacrificed. Yeshuah sent Peter and John ahead and said, “Go and prepare the Passover meal, so we can eat it together.” “Where do you want us to prepare it?” they asked him. He replied, “As soon as you enter Jerusalem, a man carrying a pitcher of water will meet you. Follow him. At the house he enters, say to the owner, The Teacher asks: Where is the guest room where I can eat the Passover meal with my disciples?… And they went and found it just as he had told them, and they prepared the Passover. And when the hour came, he reclined at table, and the apostles with him. And he said to them, “I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. For I tell you I will not eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.” (Luke 22:7-16)

Now before the feast of the Passover, Yeshuah knew that his hour had come to depart from this world and go to the Father. Having loved his own who were in the world, he loved them to the end. The devil had already put it into the heart of Judas son of Simon Iscariot to betray him. And during supper… after he had taken the morsel, Satan entered into him. Yeshuah said to him, “What you are going to do, do quickly.” Now no one at the table knew why he said this to him. Some thought that, because Judas had the moneybag, Yeshuah was telling him, “Buy what we need for the feast,” or that he should give something to the poor. (John 13:1-29)

Where on the 14th day of the first Torah new moon, beginning with the evening and progressing into the day, after Yeshuah had his last supper with his disciples, which was also the night he instituted a new meal, the “Lord’s Supper”, or “supper of Yeshuah”, or the “Master’s Supper”, which all his followers must now participate in, in an assembly, by eating bread that symbolized his body and by drinking wine that symbolized his blood,

Now as they were eating, Yeshuah took bread, and after blessing it broke it and gave it to the disciples, and said, “Take, eat; this is my body.” And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he gave it to them, saying, “Drink of it, all of you, for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins. (Matthew 26:26-28)

So Yeshuah said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you. (John 6:53)

Whoever feeds on my flesh and drinks my blood abides in me, and I in him. (John 6:56)

The cup of blessing that we bless, is it not a participation in the blood of the Messiah? The bread that we break, is it not a participation in the body of the Messiah? (1 Corinthians 10:16)

Let a person examine himself, then, and so eat of the bread and drink of the cup. For anyone who eats and drinks without discerning the body, eats and drinks judgment on himself. That is why many of you are weak and ill, and some have fallen asleep. (1 Corinthians 11:28-30)

Then he prayed at the Garden of Gethsemane, which is at the Mount of Olives,

Then Yeshuah went with them to a place called Gethsemane, and he said to his disciples, “Sit here, while I go over there and pray.” (Matthew 26:36)

And he came out and went, as was his custom, to the Mount of Olives, and the disciples followed him. And when he came to the place, he said to them, “Pray that you may not enter into temptation.” And he withdrew from them about a stone’s throw, and knelt down and prayed, (Luke 22:39-41)

Then was betrayed by Judas with a kiss and was arrested,

And being in anguish he prayed more earnestly; and his sweat became like great drops of blood falling down to the ground. And when he rose from prayer, he came to the disciples and found them sleeping… there came a crowd, and the man called Judas, one of the twelve, was leading them. He drew near to Yeshuah to kiss him, but Yeshuah said to him, “Judas, would you betray the Son of Man with a kiss?” (Luke 22:45)

Then was beaten and presented before Caiaphas the High Priest,

Then they seized him and led him away, bringing him into the high priest’s house, and Peter was following at a distance. (Luke 22:54)

Now the men who were holding Yeshuah in custody were mocking him as they beat him. They also blindfolded him and kept asking him, “Prophesy! Who is it that struck you?” And they said many other things against him, blaspheming him. When day came, the assembly of the elders of the people gathered together, both chief priests and scribes. And they led him away to their council, and they said, “If you are the Messiah, tell us.” But he said to them, “If I tell you, you will not believe, and if I ask you, you will not answer. But from now on the Son of Man shall be seated at the right hand of the power of God.” So they all said, “Are you the Son of God, then?” And he said to them, “You say that I am.” Then they said, “What further testimony do we need? We have heard it ourselves from his own lips.” (Luke 22:63-71)

But he remained silent and made no answer. Again the high priest asked him, “Are you the Messiah, the Son of the Blessed?” (Mark 14:61)

Then those who had seized Yeshuah led him to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders had gathered. (Matthew 26:57)

But Yeshuah remained silent. And the high priest said to him, “I adjure you by the living God, tell us if you are the Messiah, the Son of God.” (Matthew 26:63)

Then after or beginning around the “sixth” Roman hour, which was after or beginning around the “first” Jewish hour, which was after or beginning around 6:00am in our time, Yeshuah was presented before Pilate early in the morning, then was presented before Herod, then was presented before Pilate again, was beaten again and also scourged, then was later crucified that same morning around the “third” Jewish hour, which is our current time of around or in between 8:00am to 9:00am, and hung on the cross for around 6 hours in agony, until he died later that same day in the afternoon, which all happened on the same day of the 14th day of the first Torah new moon, from the time of his “last supper” in the previous evening to his entombment before the end of the next evening, all in one day,

When morning came, all the chief priests and the elders of the people took counsel against Yeshuah to put him to death. And they bound him and led him away and delivered him over to Pilate the governor.
(Matthew 27:1-2)

Then the whole company of them arose and brought him before Pilate. (Luke 23:1)

And as soon as it was morning, the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole council. And they bound Yeshuah and led him away and delivered him over to Pilate. (Mark 15:1)

Then they led Yeshuah from the house of Caiaphas to the governor’s headquarters. It was early morning. They themselves did not enter the governor’s headquarters, so that they would not be defiled, but could eat the Passover. So Pilate went outside to them and said, “What accusation do you bring against this man?”
(John 18:28-29)

Then Pilate took Yeshuah and flogged him. And the soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on his head and arrayed him in a purple robe. They came up to him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” and struck him with their hands. Pilate went out again and said to them, “See, I am bringing him out to you that you may know that I find no guilt in him.” So Yeshuah came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate said to them, “Behold the man!” When the chief priests and the officers saw him, they cried out, “Crucify him, crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Take him yourselves and crucify him, for I find no guilt in him.” The Jews answered him, “We have a law, and according to that law he ought to die because he has made himself the Son of God.” When Pilate heard this statement, he was even more afraid. He entered his headquarters again and said to Yeshuah, “Where are you from?” But Yeshuah gave him no answer.So Pilate said to him, “You will not speak to me? Do you not know that I have authority to release you and authority to crucify you?” Yeshuah answered him, “You would have no authority over me at all unless it had been given you from above. Therefore he who delivered me over to you has the greater sin.” From then on Pilate sought to release him, but the Jews cried out, “If you release this man, you are not Caesar’s friend. Everyone who makes himself a king opposes Caesar.” So when Pilate heard these words, he brought Yeshuah out and sat down on the judgment seat at a place called The Stone Pavement, and in Aramaic Gabbatha. Now it was the day of Preparation of the Passover. It was about the sixth hour. He said to the Jews, “Behold your King!”  (John 19:1-14)

When Pilate heard this, he asked whether the man was a Galilean. And when he learned that he belonged to Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent him over to Herod, who was himself in Jerusalem at that time. (Luke 23:6-7)

And Herod with his soldiers treated him with contempt and mocked him. Then, arraying him in splendid clothing, he sent him back to Pilate. And Herod and Pilate became friends with each other that very day, for before this they had been at enmity with each other.
(Luke 23:11-12)

So Pilate decided that their demand should be granted. He released the man who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, for whom they asked, but he delivered Yeshuah over to their will. And as they led him away, they seized one Simon of Cyrene, who was coming in from the country, and laid on him the cross, to carry it behind Yeshuah. (Luke 23:24-26)

Then he released for them Barabbas, and having scourged Yeshuah, delivered him to be crucified. Then the soldiers of the governor took Yeshuah into the governor’s headquarters, and they gathered the whole battalion before him. And they stripped him and put a scarlet robe on him, and twisting together a crown of thorns, they put it on his head and put a reed in his right hand. And kneeling before him, they mocked him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” And they spit on him and took the reed and struck him on the head. And when they had mocked him, they stripped him of the robe and put his own clothes on him and led him away to crucify him. As they went out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name. They compelled this man to carry his cross. (Matthew 27:26-32)

They cried out, “Away with him, away with him, crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar.”So he delivered him over to them to be crucified. (John 19:15-16)

And they crucified him and divided his garments among them, casting lots for them, to decide what each should take. And it was the third hour when they crucified him. (Mark 15:24-25)

And the robbers who were crucified with him also reviled him in the same way. Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land until the ninth hour. And about the ninth hour Yeshuah cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” that is, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” And some of the bystanders, hearing it, said, “This man is calling Elijah.” And one of them at once ran and took a sponge, filled it with sour wine, and put it on a reed and gave it to him to drink. But the others said, “Wait, let us see whether Elijah will come to save him.” And Yeshuah cried out again with a loud voice and yielded up his airflow. (Matthew 27:44-50)

Let the Messiah, the King of Israel, come down now from the cross that we may see and believe.” Those who were crucified with him also reviled him. And when the sixth hour had come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour. And at the ninth hour Yeshuah cried with a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” which means, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” And some of the bystanders hearing it said, “Behold, he is calling Elijah.” And someone ran and filled a sponge with sour wine, put it on a reed and gave it to him to drink, saying, “Wait, let us see whether Elijah will come to take him down.” And Yeshuah uttered a loud cry and breathed his last. (Mark 15:32-37)

And then came the evening to eat at the Passover feast, where that Passover feast was commanded to be eaten quickly, with belt fastened, sandals on the feet, and staff at hand, meaning ready to leave,

In this manner you shall eat it: with your belt fastened, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. And you shall eat it in haste. It is the Passover of Yehovah. (Exodus 12:11)

Because on that same night after midnight the Israelites were going to be driven out of Egypt, for after God killed all the firstborn of Egypt and passed over the Israelites who put the blood of the lamb on their doorposts that was killed hours ago, the Egyptians became terrified to keep the Israelites any longer, for they were terrified that they would also be killed, and therefore drove out the Israelites quickly that same night, on a night of the full moon,

For I will pass through the land of Egypt that night, and I will strike down every firstborn in the land of Egypt, both human beings and animals; on all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am Yehovah. 13 The blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you live: when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and no plague shall destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt. (Exodus 12:12-13)

At midnight Yehovah struck down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of the livestock. And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he and all his servants and all the Egyptians. And there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was not a house where someone was not dead. Then he summoned Moses and Aaron by night and said, “Up, go out from among my people, both you and the people of Israel; and go, serve Yehovah, as you have said. Take your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone, and bless me also!” The Egyptians were urgent with the people to send them out of the land in haste. For they said, “We shall all be dead.” So the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneading bowls being bound up in their cloaks on their shoulders. (Exodus 12:29-34)

The time that the people of Israel lived in Egypt was 430 years. At the end of 430 years, on that very day, all the armies of Yehovah went out from the land of Egypt. It was a night of watching by Yehovah, to bring them out of the land of Egypt; so this same night is a night of watching kept to Yehovah by all the people of Israel throughout their generations. (Exodus 12:40-42)

They set out from Rameses in the first new moon, on the fifteenth day of the first new moon. On the day after the Passover, the people of Israel went out lifted up in the sight of all the Egyptians, (Numbers 33:3)

Then after the full moon, the last quarter of the moon was the beginning of the 22nd day of the Torah new moon, or day 22 of the month,

last_quarter_moon.fw

Then the beginning of the completely dark phase of the moon, which today we call a new moon, was the 29th day of the Torah new moon, or day 29 of the month,

new_moon.fw

And in this way there was a monthly cycle of Torah new moon to Torah new moon, which was 30 days each, which happened independently than the weekly cycle of Shabbat to Shabbat, which was 7 days each,

From one New Moon to another and from one Shabbat to another, all flesh will come and bow down before me,” says Yehovah. (Isaiah 66:23)

Where aside from the names given to the months of the ancient calendar of the Torah, these months were also called by their generic names, which were New Moon One, New Moon Two, New Moon Three, New Moon Four, New Moon Five, New Moon Six, New Moon Seven, New Moon Eight, New Moon Nine, New Moon Ten, New Moon Eleven, and New Moon Twelve, without a thirteenth month called New Moon Thirteen, because a New Moon Thirteen was not needed before in the ancient calendar of the Torah, because 12 Torah new moons was precisely 1 solar year,

In the second new moon, on the twenty-seventh day of the new moon, the earth had dried out. (Genesis 8:14)

And the waters continued to abate until the tenth new moon; in the tenth new moon, on the first day of the new moon, the tops of the mountains were seen. (Genesis 8:5)

And the 12 Torah new moons were grouped into 4 “seasons”, because the axis of the rotation of the earth is tilted relative to the sun, which in turn, causes the northern and southern hemispheres of the earth to receive different measures of sunlight, thus causing different temperatures in the two hemispheres, where as the earth progresses in its orbit, one hemisphere progressively reaches a maximum angle facing the sun more, which becomes very hot, whereas the opposing hemisphere progressively reaches a maximum angle facing the sun less, which becomes very cold, which is called a “solstice”, which happens at two opposite points in the orbit of the earth around every six months, with both hemispheres alternating between which hemisphere is facing the sun more at either of those two orbital points, and in between the solstices, as the earth continues its orbit, both hemispheres progressively reach an angle equal toward the sun, thus causing equal measures of sunlight in both hemispheres, thus causing temperatures that are less hot and less cold than the previous solstice, which is called an “equinox”, which happens at two opposite points in the orbit of the earth around every six months, and the earth progressively reaches each of these 4 orbital points around every 3 months in a continual cycle, thus causing the 4 “seasons” of the earth as temperatures gradually change in the hemispheres as a result of the two solstices and two equinoxes, where the timing of the seasons of the Torah are the seasons of the Northern Hemisphere, for that is where Israel is on the earth, where the “beginning” of the spring season, which pertains to the equinox that happens in our Gregorian month of March, means that the earth has begun its progression into precise equal measures of sunlight in both hemispheres, which then becomes precisely equal around 1.5 months later in the middle of the spring season, where in the ancient calendar of the Torah, with a year of 360 days, the beginning of our March Equinox would’ve always begun in New Moon One Day 1 and would’ve progressed into a precisely equal equinox in New Moon Two Day 15, which was a full moon, thus 45 days progressing into the equinox, then 45 days progressing away from the precisely equal equinox until New Moon Four Day 1, which would’ve been the beginning of our June Solstice, thus precisely 90 days for each of the 4 seasons of the year, yet because our solar years are longer, and our current lunar months are shorter, the beginning of spring is no longer precisely in New Moon One Day 1 as it was previously in the ancient calendar of the Torah, and therefore, the first Torah new moon on or after around the start of our March Equinox in our current length of solar years must now be our “New Moon One”, to mark the beginning of the appointed times of the Torah for the rest of the year that come after “New Moon One”, because it is the equinox that causes the weather conditions for “spring” to happen, which in turn causes harvest to happen, which in turn must be ready for the appointed times of the Torah, such as the grain harvests which must be ready for the spring appointed times, and the grape harvest must be ready for the autumn appointed times,

This new moon shall be for you the beginning of new moons. It shall be the first new moon of the year for you. (Exodus 12:2)

Where the March Equinox in Jerusalem begins around the Gregorian day of March 20th every year, where in the Jewish calendar used today, the first Torah new moon on or after the beginning of the March Equinox will sometimes be around Nisan 1 or around Iyar 1, whenever the crescent moon first appears in either Jewish month, which is the true “New Moon One” in our current years, and thus the true “New Moon One” in our current years will always be at most a month, or less, from the beginning of the equinox, which would thus be the correct time within the season of “spring” for the first type of grain to become ripe for harvest, which is barley,

barley_ears_ripe

For after a seed of barley is scattered, it sprouts into a plant, which is the stalk, then a head grows on the stalk, which is the ear, which early in its development has a color that is green and a consistency that is firm, then seeds of barley grow on the ear, which is the grain,

And he said, “The kingdom of God is as if a man should scatter seed on the ground. He sleeps and rises night and day, and the seed sprouts and grows; he knows not how. The earth produces by itself, first a plant, then the ear, then the full grain in the ear. (Mark 4:26-28)

And then barley matures to a state called “aviv”, which is when barley becomes almost ripe but not quite ready for harvest, which has a color that is more yellow and a consistency that is more brittle, which is the state the ears of barley were in when Egypt was struck with hail, which is why the barley seeds were destroyed, because they were brittle enough in their maturity to be destroyed,

The flax and the barley were struck down, for the barley was aviv and the flax was in bud. But the wheat and the spelt were not struck down, for they are late in coming up. So Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh and stretched out his hands to Yehovah, and the thunder and the hail ceased, and the rain no longer poured upon the earth. (Exodus 9:31-33)

Which is also why New Moon One was called “Aviv”, for the the beginning of New Moon One, which was also the beginning of spring, coincided with the “aviv” state of barley,

Observe the new moon of Aviv and keep the Passover to Yehovah your God, for in the new moon of Aviv Yehovah your God brought you out of Egypt by night. (Deuteronomy 16:1)

Today, in the month of Aviv, you are going out. (Exodus 13:4)

You shall keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, at the time appointed in the new moon of Aviv, for in the new moon of Aviv you came out from Egypt. (Exodus 34:18)

First, celebrate the Feast of Unleavened Bread. For seven days the bread you eat must be made without yeast, just as I commanded you, at the appointed time in the new moon of Aviv, for in it you came out of Egypt. No one may appear before me without an offering. (Exodus 23:15)

Which then becomes ripe and ready for harvest, as a result of the weather conditions of “spring”, which is caused by the equinox,

But when the grain is ripe, at once he puts in the sickle, because the harvest has come. (Mark 4:29)

Which happens at the offering of “First Fruits”, which is when the first barley of the harvest is cut away with the sickle, hence “first fruits”, which was an offering of the first fruits of barley measured in an “omer”, which could be either barley as “aviv roasted in fire” or barley as “crushed karmel”,

If you offer an offering of firstfruits to Yehovah, you shall offer for the offering of your firstfruits aviv roasted with fire, or crushed karmel. (Leviticus 2:14)

from the time the sickle cuts the standing grain. (Deuteronomy 16:9)

Because the ripeness of barley could vary throughout Israel, where “aviv roasted in fire” is barley that was not brittle enough to be grounded, so it was roasted in fire to be eaten,

And the day after the Passover, on that very day, they ate of the produce of the land, unleavened cakes and roasted grain. (Joshua 5:11)

And “crushed karmel” is barley that was brittle enough to be grounded, which could then be eaten, which was given to the priests not only to wave the offering before God, in the measure of an “omer”,

and he shall wave the omer before Yehovah, so that you may be accepted (Leviticus 23:11)

But to also eat it, because it was given to them as their portion for serving God at the temple for Israel, and in this way, through giving the best of the produce of the land of Israel to the priests, God was honored,

Then Yehovah spoke to Aaron, “Behold, I have given you charge of the contributions made to me, all the set apart things of the people of Israel. I have given them to you as a portion and to your sons as an aeonial statute. This shall be yours of the most set-apart things kept from the fire: every offering of theirs, every grain offering of theirs and every sin offering of theirs and every transgression offering of theirs, which they render to me, shall be most set-apart to you and to your sons. In a set-apart place shall you eat it. Every male may eat it; it is set-apart to you. This also is yours: the contribution of their gift, all the wave offerings of the people of Israel. I have given them to you, and to your sons and daughters with you, as an aeonial statute. Everyone who is clean in your house may eat it. All the best of the oil and all the best of the wine and of the grain, the firstfruits of what they give to Yehovah, I give to you. The first ripe fruits of all that is in their land, which they bring to Yehovah, shall be yours. Everyone who is clean in your house may eat it. Every devoted thing in Israel shall be yours. (Numbers 18:8-14)

And the first of all the firstfruits of all kinds, and every offering of all kinds from all your offerings, shall belong to the priests. You shall also give to the priests the first of your dough, that a blessing may rest on your house. (Ezekiel 44:30)

Don’t you know that those who serve in the temple get their food from the temple, and that those who serve at the altar share in what is offered on the altar? (1 Corinthians 9:13)

And the First Fruit offering was done the next day after the first weekly Shabbat after the Passover, which was around 15 to 21 days after New Moon One Day 1, depending on whether the 14th day when the Passover lamb was killed fell on the seventh day of the week on the weekly Shabbat, which would make the 15th day of New Moon One the earliest First Fruits offering could be, or if the 14th day of the Passover fell on the first day of the week, which would make the 21st day of New Moon One the latest First Fruits offering could be,

And Yehovah spoke to Moses, saying, 10 “Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, When you come into the land that I give you and reap its harvest, you shall bring an omer of the firstfruits of your harvest to the priest, 11 and he shall wave the omer before Yehovah, so that you may be accepted. On the day after the Shabbat the priest shall wave it (Leviticus 23:9-11)

Which the Messiah fulfilled by becoming the First Fruits among those resurrected from the dead to receive new immortal bodies,

For as in Adam all die, so also in the Messiah shall all be made alive. But each in his own order: Messiah the firstfruits, then at his coming those who belong to the Messiah. (1 Corinthians 15:22-23)

But in fact the Messiah has been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep. (1 Corinthians 15:20)

Behold! I tell you a mystery. We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we shall be changed. For this perishable body must put on the imperishable, and this mortal body must put on immortality. (1 Corinthians 15:51-53)

Which he would’ve fulfilled on our Saturday after or around 6:00pm our time, in the evening, which would’ve been the evening that began the next day after the Shabbat, which is why when the women came to visit his tomb very early in the morning hours later on the first day of the week, which was on our Sunday, the Messiah was already gone, because the Messiah was resurrected on the day the First Fruits offering was offered,

When the Shabbat was past, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought spices, so that they might go and anoint him. And very early on the first day of the week, when the sun had risen, they went to the tomb. And they were saying to one another, “Who will roll away the stone for us from the entrance of the tomb?” And looking up, they saw that the stone had been rolled back—it was very large. And entering the tomb, they saw a young man sitting on the right side, dressed in a white robe, and they were alarmed. And he said to them, “Do not be alarmed. You seek Yeshuah of Nazareth, who was crucified. He has risen; he is not here. See the place where they laid him. (Mark 16:1-6)

Now after the Shabbat, toward the dawn of the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to see the tomb. And behold, there was a great earthquake, for an angel of the Master descended from heaven and came and rolled back the stone and sat on it. His appearance was like lightning, and his clothing white as snow. And for fear of him the guards trembled and became like dead men. But the angel said to the women, “Do not be afraid, for I know that you seek Yeshuah who was crucified. He is not here, for he has risen, as he said. Come, see the place where he lay. (Matthew 28:1-6)

But on the first day of the week, at early dawn, they went to the tomb, taking the spices they had prepared. And they found the stone rolled away from the tomb, but when they went in they did not find the body of the Master Yeshuah. While they were perplexed about this, behold, two men stood by them in dazzling apparel. And as they were frightened and bowed their faces to the ground, the men said to them, “Why do you seek the living among the dead?  (Luke 24:1-5)

Now on the first day of the week Mary Magdalene came to the tomb early, while it was still dark, and saw that the stone had been taken away from the tomb. So she ran and went to Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one whom Yeshuah loved, and said to them, “They have taken the Master out of the tomb, and we do not know where they have laid him.” (John 20:1-2)

And thus Yeshuah remained dead 3 days and 3 nights, which was our Wednesday night, Thursday day, Thursday night, Friday day, Friday night, and Saturday day,

For just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. (Matthew 12:40)

Which is why the women bought spices for the body of Yeshuah before and after the Shabbat, because the first Shabbat, which was the High Shabbat, began Wednesday night till Thursday night, and then the next second Shabbat, which was the weekly Shabbat, began Friday night till Saturday night, giving the women only Friday during the day to purchase the spices in the city and to prepare them, after the High Shabbat was over, to then anoint the body of the Messiah, after the weekly Shabbat was over, early Sunday morning,

When the Shabbat was past, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought spices, so that they might go and anoint him. (Mark 16:1)

The women who had come with him from Galilee followed and saw the tomb and how his body was laid.
Then they returned and prepared spices and ointments. On the Shabbat they rested according to the commandment. But on the first day of the week, at early dawn, they went to the tomb, taking the spices they had prepared. (Luke 23:55-24:1)

And from the day the First Fruits offering is made, then 50 days are counted, including the day of the First Fruits offering, which is seven Shabbats,

You shall count seven full weeks from the day after the Shabbat, from the day that you brought the omer of the wave offering. You shall count fifty days to the day after the seventh Shabbat… (Leviticus 23:15-16)

You shall count seven weeks. Begin to count the seven weeks from the time the sickle is first put to the standing grain. (Deuteronomy 16:9)

Which then reaches the next day after the 7th Shabbat, which is the 50th day, and is called the “Feast of Weeks”, or the “Feast of Harvest”, or “Pentecost”, which is when a voluntary offering and another First Fruit offering is made from the next grain that becomes ready for harvest,

Then you shall present a grain offering of new grain to Yehovah. You shall bring from your dwelling places two loaves of bread to be waved, made of two tenths of an ephah. They shall be of fine flour, and they shall be baked with leaven, as firstfruits to Yehovah. (Leviticus 23:16-17)

You shall observe the Feast of Weeks, the firstfruits of wheat harvest… (Exodus 34:22)

On the day of the firstfruits, when you offer a grain offering of new grain to Yehovah at your Feast of Weeks, you shall have a set-apart convocation. You shall not do any ordinary work, (Numbers 28:26)

You shall keep the Feast of Harvest, of the firstfruits of your labor, of what you sow in the field… (Exodus 23:16)

Then you shall keep the Feast of Weeks to Yehovah your God with the tribute of a voluntary offering from your hand, which you shall give as Yehovah your God blesses you. And you shall rejoice before Yehovah your God, you and your son and your daughter, your male servant and your female servant, the Levite who is within your towns, the sojourner, the fatherless, and the widow who are among you, at the place that Yehovah your God will choose, to make his name dwell there. (Deuteronomy 16:10-11)

Which was wheat,

wheat_ears_ripe

Which was fulfilled by the Messiah when he sent his set-apart airflow to enter into and inhabit his disciples,

When the day of Pentecost arrived, they were all together in one place. And suddenly there came from heaven a sound like a mighty rushing wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting. And divided tongues as of fire appeared to them and rested on each one of them. And they were all filled with the set-apart airflow and began to speak in other tongues as the airflow gave them utterance. (Acts 2:1-4)

Then in New Moon Seven Day 1 is the appointed time when trumpets are blasted, where depending on when “New Moon One” was in the current year in relation to the March equinox, whether around Nisan 1 or Iyar 1, the appointed time for the blast of trumpets in the Jewish calendar will be around Tishri 1 or around Chesvan 1, whenever the crescent moon first appears in either Jewish month,

On the first day of the seventh new moon you shall have a set-apart convocation. You shall not do any ordinary work. It is a day for you to blow the trumpets, (Numbers 29:1)

Speak to the people of Israel, saying, In the seventh new moon, on the first day of the new moon, you shall have a shabbat-rest, a memorial proclaimed with blast of trumpets, a set-apart convocation. (Leviticus 23:24)

Which will be fulfilled by the Messiah at his second coming,

Then will appear the sign of the Son of Man in heaven. And then all the peoples of the earth will mourn when they see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven… with a loud trumpet call… (Matthew 24:30-31)

For the Master himself will come down from heaven, with a loud command, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of God… (1 Thessalonians 4:16)

Which are the seven trumpets of Revelation,

When he opened the seventh seal, there was silence in heaven for about half an hour. And I saw the seven angels who stand before God, and seven trumpets were given to them. (Revelation 8:1-2)

The first angel sounded his trumpet, and there came hail and fire mixed with blood, and it was hurled down on the earthA third of the earth was burned up, a third of the trees were burned up, and all the green grass was burned up. (Revelation 8:7)

The second angel blew his trumpet, and something like a great mountain, burning with fire, was thrown into the sea, and a third of the sea became blood. A third of the living creatures in the sea died, and a third of the ships were destroyed. (Revelation 8:8)

The third angel blew his trumpet, and a great star fell from heaven, blazing like a torch, and it fell on a third of the rivers and on the springs of water. The name of the star is Wormwood. A third of the waters became wormwood, and many people died from the water, because it had been made bitter. (Revelation 8:10-11)

Then the fourth angel blew his trumpet, and a third of the sun was struck, and a third of the moon, and a third of the stars, so that a third of them were darkened. And there was no light for a third of the day and for a third of the night likewise. (Revelation 8:12)

The fifth angel sounded his trumpet, and I saw a star that had fallen from the sky to the earth. The star was given the key to the shaft of the Abyss. When he opened the Abyss, smoke rose from it like the smoke from a gigantic furnace. The sun and sky were darkened by the smoke from the Abyss. And out of the smoke locusts came down on the earth and were given power like that of scorpions of the earth…They were not allowed to kill them but only to torture them for five months. And the agony they suffered was like that of the sting of a scorpion when it strikes… They had as king over them the angel of the Abyss, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon and in Greek is Apollyon (that is, Destroyer). (Revelation 9:1-11)

Then the sixth angel blew his trumpet, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar before God, saying to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, “Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates.” So the four angels, who had been prepared for the hour, the day, the month, and the year, were released to kill a third of mankind. (Revelation 9:13-15)

And the seventh angel trumped. And there were great voice in the heaven, saying, The kingdom of the world is become of our Master, and of his Messiah, and he shall reign into the aeons of the aeons. (Revelation 11:15)

Then in New Moon Seven Day 10 is the Day of Atonement,

The tenth day of this seventh new moon is the Day of Atonement. Hold a set-apart convocation and lower yourselves, and present an offering by fire to Yehovah. Do not do any work on that day, because it is the Day of Atonement, when atonement is made for you before Yehovah your God. (Leviticus 23:27-28)

On the tenth day of this seventh new moon you shall have a set-apart convocation and lower yourselves. You shall do no work, (Numbers 29:7)

Aaron shall offer the bull as a sin offering for himself, and shall make atonement for himself and for his house. He shall take the two goats and set them before Yehovah at the entrance of the tent of meeting; and Aaron shall cast lots on the two goats, one lot for Yehovah and the other lot for complete removal. Aaron shall present the goat on which the lot fell for Yehovah, and offer it as a sin offering; 10 but the goat on which the lot fell for complete removal shall be presented alive before Yehovah to make atonement upon it, and then completely removed into the wilderness… When he has finished atoning at the set-apart place and the tent of meeting and the altar, he shall present the live goat. 21 Then Aaron shall lay both his hands on the head of the live goat, and confess over it all the iniquities of the people of Israel, and all their transgressions, all their sins, putting them on the head of the goat, and sending it away into the wilderness by means of someone designated for the task. 22 The goat shall bear on itself all their iniquities to a barren region; and the goat shall be set free in the wilderness… And it shall be an aeonial statute in the seventh new moon, on the tenth day of the new moon, you shall lower yourselves and shall do no work, either the native or the stranger who sojourns among you. 30 For on this day shall atonement be made for you to clean you. You shall be clean before Yehovah from all your sins. 31 It is a Shabbat of shabbat-rest to you, and you shall lower yourselves; it is an aeonial statute. 32 And the priest who is anointed and set apart as priest in his father’s place shall make atonement, wearing the set-apart linen garments. 33 He shall make atonement at the set-apart place, at the tent of meeting, and at the altar, and he shall make atonement for the priests and for all the people of the assembly. 34 And this shall be an aeonial statute for you, that atonement may be made for the people of Israel once in the year because of all their sins. And Aaron did as Yehovah commanded Moses. (Leviticus 16:6-34)

Which will be fulfilled by the Messiah when he sends his angels to gather his people throughout the earth, to be returned to the land of Israel where the Messiah will be, which is also when the resurrection of the dead happens, for the final trumpet blast where the dead are raised happens at the Day of Atonement, which coincides with a Jubilee year when each man returns to his family property, which happens every 50 years,

Then have the trumpet sounded everywhere on the tenth day of the seventh new moon; on the Day of Atonement sound the trumpet throughout your land. Set apart the fiftieth year and proclaim liberty throughout the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a jubilee for you; each of you is to return to your family property and to your own clan. The fiftieth year shall be a jubilee for you; do not sow and do not reap what grows of itself or harvest the untended vines. (Leviticus 25:9-11)

Behold, I speak a mystery to you; we shall not all indeed sleep, but all shall be changed, in an instant, in the blink of an eye, at the last trumpet. For it shall trump, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. For it is necessary this corruption to put on incorruptibility, and this mortal to put on immortality. But whenever this corruptible should have put on incorruptibility, and this mortal should have put on immortality, then shall come to pass the word having been written, Death was swallowed down in victory.
(1 Corinthians 15:51-54)

This is because the Master himself will come down from heaven with the signal of a shout by the head angel and a blast on God’s trumpet. First, those who are dead in the Messiah will rise. Then, we who are living and still around will be taken up together with them in the clouds to meet with the Master in the air. That way we will always be with the Master. (1 Thessalonians 4:16-17)

Then will appear the sign of the Son of Man in heaven. And then all the peoples of the earth will mourn when they see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven, with power and great glory. And he will send his angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his chosen from the four airflows, from one end of the heavens to the other. (Matthew 24:30-31 [NIV])

In that day Yehovah will thresh from the flowing Euphrates to the Wadi of Egypt, and you, Israel, will be gathered up one by one. And in that day a great trumpet will sound… (Isaiah 27:12-13)

He will raise a banner for the nations and gather the exiles of Israel; he will assemble the scattered people of Judah from the four quarters of the earth. (Isaiah 11:12 [NIV])

And on that same day the Messiah will send another set of angels to capture those that belong to the house of Israel and house of Judah that refused to believe in Yeshuah, to throw them outside Jerusalem,

The Son of Man will send out his angels, and they will weed out of his kingdom everything that causes sin and all who do evil. (Matthew 13:41)

I tell you, many will come from east and west and recline at table with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven, while the sons of the kingdom will be thrown into the outer darkness. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. (Matthew 8:11-12)

Then you will begin to say, ‘We ate and drank in your presence, and you taught in our streets.’ But he will say, ‘I tell you, I do not know where you come from. Depart from me, all you workers of evil!’ There will be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when you see Abraham and Isaac and Jacob and all the prophets in the kingdom of God but you yourselves cast out. (Luke 13:26-28)

I tell you, on that night two people will be in one bed; one will be taken and the other left. Two women will be grinding grain together; one will be taken and the other left.” “Two men will be in the field; one will be taken and the other will be left.” And they said to him, “Where, Master?” He said to them, “Where the corpse is, there the vultures will gather.” (Luke 17:34-37 [NIV])

To be trampled,

What more was there to do for my vineyard, that I have not done in it? When I looked for it to yield grapes, why did it yield wild grapes? And now I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard. I will remove its hedge, and it shall be devoured; I will break down its wall, and it shall be trampled down… For the vineyard of Yehovah of armies is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah are his pleasant planting; and he looked for justice, but behold, bloodshed; for righteousness, but behold, an outcry!
(Isaiah 5:4-7)

Swing the sickle, for the harvest is ripe. Come, trample the grapes, for the winepress is full and the vats overflow– so great is their wickedness! (Joel 3:13)

Who is this coming from Edom, from Bozrah, with his garments stained crimson? Who is this, robed in splendor, striding forward in the greatness of his strength? “It is I, proclaiming victory, mighty to save.” Why are your garments red, like those of one treading the winepress? “I have trodden the winepress alone; from the nations no one was with me. I trampled them in my anger and trod them down in my wrath; their blood spattered my garments, and I stained all my clothing. (Isaiah 63:1-3)

Because these two gatherings are the fulfillment of two different harvests of the Torah that become ready for gathering by the Day of Atonement, which is the turn of year, for even though the new moons of the Torah begin at the beginning of spring, the new years of the Torah begin at the Day of Atonement, which is why Jubilee years begin on that day, where the first harvest was another type of grain, perhaps spelt, which was threshed on a threshing floor, and the other harvest was grapes, which was pressed in a winepress,

after the ingathering from your threshing-floor and from your winepress (Deuteronomy 16:13)

…at the turn of the year when you gather in the fruit of your labors from the field. (Exodus 23:16)

spelt_2grapes

Which is the fulfillment of a prophecy in Revelation concerning these two different harvests, grain and grapes, where the grain harvest is gathered through the “one seated on the cloud”, which is the Messiah, whereas the grape harvest is gathered to trample those grapes outside the “city”, which is Jerusalem,

Then I looked, and behold, a white cloud, and seated on the cloud one like a son of man, with a golden crown on his head, and a sharp sickle in his hand. Then another angel came out of the temple and called in a loud voice to him who was sitting on the cloud, “Take your sickle and reap, because the time to reap has come, for the harvest of the earth is ripe.” So he who was seated on the cloud swung his sickle over the earth, and the earth was harvestedThen another angel came out of the temple in heaven, and he too had a sharp sickle. And another angel came out from the altar, the angel who has authority over the fire, and he called with a loud voice to the one who had the sharp sickle, “Put in your sickle and gather the clusters from the vine of the earth, for its grapes are ripe.” So the angel swung his sickle across the earth and gathered the grape harvest of the earth and threw it into the great winepress of the wrath of God. And the winepress was trodden outside the city, and blood flowed from the winepress, as high as a horse’s bridle, for 1,600 stadia. (Revelation 14:15-20)

And then the “Feast of Tabernacles” happens in New Moon Seven Day 15, which is also called the “Feast of Ingathering”, because it happens after the preceding two harvests are gathered,

You are to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles for seven days after the ingathering from your threshing-floor and from your winepress (Deuteronomy 16:13)

also the Feast of the Ingathering at the turn of the year when you gather in the fruit of your labors from the field. (Exodus 23:16)

So beginning with the fifteenth day of the seventh new moon, after you have gathered the crops of the land, celebrate the feast to Yehovah for seven days; the first day is a day of shabbat-rest, and the eighth day also is a day of shabbat-rest. On the first day you are to take branches from luxuriant trees–from palms, willows and other leafy trees–and rejoice before Yehovah your God for seven days. Celebrate this as a festival to Yehovah for seven days each year. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come; celebrate it in the seventh new moon. Live in tabernacles for seven days: All native-born Israelites are to live in such shelters so your descendants will know that I had the Israelites live in tabernacles when I brought them out of Egypt. I am Yehovah your God. (Leviticus 23:39-43)

Which will be fulfilled by the Messiah when he takes his people that have been gathered to a mountain, to feast and take shelter for seven days, for the wrath of God will also be poured on the earth in the same seven days,

He reached down from on high and took hold of me; he drew me out of deep waters… He brought me out into a spacious place; he rescued me because he delighted in me. Yehovah has dealt with me according to my righteousness; according to the cleanness of my hands he has rewarded me. (Psalm 18:16-20)

But your dead will live, Yehovah; their bodies will rise– let those who dwell in the dust wake up and shout for joy– your dew is like the dew of the morning; the earth will give birth to her dead. Go, my people, enter your rooms and shut the doors behind you; hide yourselves for a little while until his wrath has passed by. See, Yehovah is coming out of his dwelling to punish the people of the earth for their sins. The earth will disclose the blood shed on it; the earth will conceal its slain no longer. (Isaiah 26:19-21)

And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people, then there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book. And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to aeonial life, and some to shame and aeonial contempt. And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars aeonially and beyond. (Daniel 12:1-3)

On this mountain Yehovah Almighty will prepare a feast of rich food for all peoples, a banquet of aged wine– the best of meats and the finest of wines. On this mountain he will destroy the shroud that enfolds all peoples, the sheet that covers all nations; he will swallow up death… The Master Yehovah will wipe away the tears from all faces; he will remove his people’s disgrace from all the earth. Yehovah has spoken. In that day they will say, “Surely this is our God; we trusted in him, and he saved us. This is Yehovah, we trusted in him; let us rejoice and be glad in his salvation.” The hand of Yehovah will rest on this mountain; but Moab will be trampled in their land as straw is trampled down in the manure. (Isaiah 25:6-10)

I say to you that many will come from the east and the west, and will take their places at the feast with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven. (Matthew 8:11)

For the Feast of Tabernacles not only came with a command to dwell in tabernacles, but also a command to pour wine on the altar with golden bowls for seven days,

And you shall make its plates and dishes for incense, and its flagons and bowls with which to pour drink offerings; you shall make them of pure gold. (Exodus 25:29)

and give two quarts of wine as a liquid offering. This will be a special gift, a pleasing aroma to Yehovah. (Numbers 15:10)

Along with it you must present the proper liquid offering of one quart of alcoholic drink with each lamb, poured out in the Set-Apart Place as an offering to Yehovah. (Numbers 28:7)

On the fifteenth day of the seventh month you shall have a set-apart convocation. You shall not do any ordinary work, and you shall keep a feast to Yehovah seven days. And you shall offer a burnt offering, a food offering, with a pleasing aroma to Yehovah, thirteen bulls from the herd, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old; they shall be without blemish… and its drink offering… “On the second day twelve bulls from the herd, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish… and their drink offerings… “On the third day eleven bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish… and its drink offering… “On the fourth day ten bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish… and its drink offering… “On the fifth day nine bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish… and its drink offering… “On the sixth day eight bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish… and its drink offerings… “On the seventh day seven bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish… and its drink offering. (Numbers 29:12-34)

Which is the seven bowls of Revelation,

Then I looked and saw that the Temple in heaven, God’s Tabernacle, was thrown wide open. The seven angels who were holding the seven plagues came out of the Temple. They were clothed in spotless white linen with gold sashes across their chests (Revelation 15:5)

And one of the four living creatures gave to the seven angels seven golden bowls full of the wrath of God, the One living to the aeons of the aeons. And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from His power; and no one was able to enter into the temple until the seven plagues of the seven angels were completed. (Revelation 15:7-8)

The first angel went and poured out his bowl on the land, and ugly, festering sores broke out on the people who had the mark of the beast and worshiped its image. (Revelation 16:2)

The second angel poured out his bowl on the sea, and it turned into blood like that of a dead person, and every living thing in the sea died. (Revelation 16:3)

The third angel poured out his bowl on the rivers and springs of water, and they became blood. (Revelation 16:4)

The fourth angel poured out his bowl on the sun, and the sun was allowed to scorch people with fire. (Revelation 16:8)

The fifth angel poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and its kingdom was plunged into darkness. People gnawed their tongues in agony and cursed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, but they refused to repent of what they had done. (Revelation 16:10-11)

The sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river Euphratesand its water was dried up to prepare the way for the kings from the East. Then I saw three impure airflows that looked like frogs; they came out of the mouth of the dragon, out of the mouth of the beast and out of the mouth of the false prophet. They are demonic airflows that perform signs, and they go out to the kings of the whole world, to gather them for the battle on the great day of God Almighty… And they assembled them at the place that in Hebrew is called Armageddon. (Revelation 16:12-16)

The seventh angel poured out his bowl into the air, and out of the temple came a loud voice from the throne, saying, “It is done!” Then there came flashes of lightning, rumblings, peals of thunder and a severe earthquake. No earthquake like it has ever occurred since mankind has been on earth, so tremendous was the quake… the cities of the nations collapsed… Every island fled away and the mountains could not be found. From the sky huge hailstones, each weighing about a hundred pounds, fell on people. And they cursed God on account of the plague of hail, because the plague was so terrible. (Revelation 16:17-21)