The True Meaning of Sanctification and Holiness

To view a list of all studies in this blog, click here.

Recommended before reading this study,

The Word of God, Belief, Understanding, Wisdom and the Full Knowledge of God

The Law of God, which is the first five books of the bible, otherwise called the Torah,

For I delight in the law of God, in my inner being, (Romans 7:22 [ESV])
There is one Torah for the native-born and for the stranger who sojourns among you. (Exodus 12:49 [TS2009])

Commands us to be holy,

“Speak to the entire assembly of Israel and say to them: ‘Be holy… (Leviticus 19:2 [NIV])

Where “holy” simply means “to be set-apart”, which is the Hebrew word “qadosh” or the Greek word “hagios”,

‘And you shall be set-apart to Me… (Leviticus 20:26 [TS2009])

so you also should become set-apart in all behaviour, because it has been written, “Be set-apart… (1 Peter 1:14-16 [TS2009])

Where before someone becomes “set-apart”, actions must first be taken “to set apart”, which is a different Hebrew word, “qadash”, or the Greek word “hagiazó”,

“And say to the people, ‘Set yourselves apart for tomorrow, and you shall eat meat, because you have wept in the hearing of יהוה, saying, “Who is giving us meat to eat? For it was well with us in Mitsrayim.” And יהוה shall give you meat, and you shall eat. (Numbers 11:18 [TS2009])

And slay the Pĕsaḥ, and set yourselves apart, and prepare for your brothers, to do according to the word of יהוה by the hand of Mosheh.” (2 Chronicles 35:6 [TS2009])

“Rise up, set the people apart, and you shall say, ‘Set yourselves apart for tomorrow, because thus said יהוה Elohim of Yisra’ĕl, “That which is under the ban is in your midst, O Yisra’ĕl. You are not able to stand before your enemies until you put away that which is under the ban out of your midst.” (Joshua 7:13 [TS2009])

And he said, “In peace. I have come to slaughter to יהוה. Set yourselves apart, and you shall come with me to the slaughtering.” And he set Yishai and his sons apart, and invited them to the slaughtering. (1 Samuel 16:5 [TS2009])

And it came to be when the priests came out of the Most Set-apart Place – for all the priests who were present had set themselves apart, there was none to watch by division – (2 Chronicles 5:11 [TS2009])

And he said to them, “Listen to me, O Lĕwites! Now set yourselves apart, set apart the House of יהוה Elohim of your fathers, and remove the uncleanness from the set-apart place. (2 Chronicles 29:5 [TS2009])

And they gathered their brothers, and set themselves apart, and went according to the command of the sovereign, at the words of יהוה, to cleanse the House of יהוה.

(2 Chronicles 29:15 [TS2009])

And the set-apart gifts were six hundred bulls and three thousand sheep. Only, the priests were too few, and were unable to skin all the ascending offerings, so their brothers the Lĕwites helped them until the work was completed and until the other priests had set themselves apart, for the Lĕwites were more upright of heart to set themselves apart, than the priests. (2 Chronicles 29:33-34 [TS2009])

For they were unable to perform it at its time, because not enough priests had set themselves apart, and the people had not gathered at Yerushalayim. (2 Chronicles 30:3 [TS2009])

For Ḥizqiyahu sovereign of Yehuḏah presented to the assembly a thousand bulls and seven thousand sheep, and the rulers presented to the assembly a thousand bulls and ten thousand sheep. And a great number of priests set themselves apart. (2 Chronicles 30:24 [TS2009])

and to all listed in the genealogy, their little ones and their wives, their sons and daughters, all the company of them. For in their trustworthiness they set themselves apart in set-apartness. (2 Chronicles 31:18 [TS2009])

And let the priests who come near יהוה set themselves apart too, lest יהוה break out against them. (Exodus 19:22 [TS2009])

‘And you shall set yourselves apart, and shall be set-apart, for I am יהוה your Elohim, (Leviticus 20:7 [TS2009])

‘For I am יהוה your Elohim, and you shall set yourselves apart. And you shall be set-apart, for I am set-apart. And do not defile yourselves with any swarming creature – the one creeping on the earth. (Leviticus 11:44 [TS2009])

For many in the assembly had not set themselves apart. Therefore the Lĕwites were over the slaughter of the Pĕsaḥim, for everyone who was not clean, to set them apart to יהוה.

(2 Chronicles 30:17 [TS2009])

Which is incorrectly translated as “sanctify”, just as “qadosh” and “hagios” are also incorrectly translated as “holy”, for “setting apart” does not necessarily imply to set apart to God specifically as the words “sanctify” and “holy” would imply, as seen in other usages of the same word throughout scripture, where “to set apart” is used in a more generic sense,

“For I will set apart destroyers against you, Each with his weapons; And they will cut down your choicest cedars And throw them on the fire. (Jeremiah 22:7 [NASB])

But you, O LORD, know me; you see me, and test my heart toward you. Pull them out like sheep for the slaughter, and set them apart for the day of slaughter. (Jeremiah 12:3 [ESV])

Raise a signal flag in the land; blow a ram’s horn among the nations; set apart the nations against her. Summon kingdoms against her– Ararat, Minni, and Ashkenaz. Appoint a marshal against her; bring up horses like a swarm of locusts.  (Jeremiah 51:27 [HCSB])

Set apart the nations for battle against her–the kings of Media, her governors and all her officials, and all the lands they rule. (Jeremiah 51:28 [CSB])

Proclaim ye this among the Gentiles; set-apart* a war, wake up the mighty men, let all the men of war draw near; let them come up: (Joel 3:9 [MODIFIED-KJV])*

Interlinear Links: *qad·də·šū (set apart), Joel 3:9

And Yĕhu said, “Set apart an assembly for Ba‛al.” So they proclaimed it. (2 Kings 10:20 [TS2009])

Thus said יהוה concerning the prophets who lead my people astray, who are biting with their teeth and have called out, “Peace!” They even set apart a battle against him who does not give for their mouths. (Micah 3:5 [TS2009])

And all Israel in the days of Zerubbabel and in the days of Nehemiah gave the daily portions for the singers and the gatekeepers; and they set apart that which was for the Levites; and the Levites set apart that which was for the sons of Aaron. (Nehemiah 12:47 [ESV])

“I knew you before I formed you in your mother’s womb. Before you were born I set you apart and appointed you as my prophet to the nations.” (Jeremiah 1:5 [NLT])

And set apart My Sabbaths, and they shall be a sign between Me and you, to know that I am יהוה your Elohim.’ (Ezekiel 20:20 [TS2009])

‘And when a man sets his house apart, to be set-apart to יהוה, then the priest shall value it, whether it is good or spoilt. As the priest values it, so it stands. ‘And if he who sets it apart does redeem his house, then he shall add one-fifth of the silver of your evaluation to it, and it shall be his. ‘And if a man sets apart to יהוה a field he owns, then your evaluation shall be according to the seed for it – a ḥomer of barley seed at fifty sheqels of silver. ‘If he sets his field apart from the Year of Yoḇel, according to your evaluation it stands. ‘But if he sets his field apart after the Yoḇel, then the priest shall reckon to him the silver due according to the years that remain till the Year of Yoḇel, and it shall be deducted from your evaluation. ‘And if he who sets the field apart ever wishes to redeem it, then he shall add one-fifth of the silver of your evaluation to it, and it shall be his. (Leviticus 27:14-19 [TS2009])
‘And if a man sets apart to יהוה a field which he has bought, which is not the field of his possession, (Leviticus 27:22 [TS2009])
“because all the first-born are Mine. On the day that I struck all the first-born in the land of Mitsrayim, I set apart to Myself all the first-born in Yisra’ĕl, both man and beast. They are Mine, I am יהוה. (Numbers 3:13 [TS2009])

“For all the first-born among the children of Yisra’ĕl are Mine, both man and beast. On the day that I struck all the first-born in the land of Mitsrayim I set them apart unto Myself. (Numbers 8:17 [TS2009])

‘However, a first-born of the beasts, which is first-born to יהוה, no man sets it apart – whether bull or sheep, it belongs to יהוה. (Leviticus 27:26 [TS2009])

On that day the sovereign set apart the middle of the courtyard that was in front of the House of יהוה, for there he made ascending offerings, and the grain offerings, and the fat of the peace offerings, because the bronze slaughter-place that was before יהוה was too small to contain the ascending offerings, and the grain offerings, and the fat of the peace offerings. (1 Kings 8:64 [TS2009])

then I shall cut off Yisra’ĕl from the face of the soil which I have given them, and send away from My presence this house which I have set apart for My Name. And Yisra’ĕl shall be a proverb and a mockery among all the peoples. (1 Kings 9:7 [TS2009])

And Yeho’ash sovereign of Yehuḏah took all the set-apart gifts that his fathers, Yehoshaphat and Yehoram and Aḥazyahu, sovereigns of Yehuḏah, had set apart, and his own set-apart gifts, and all the gold found in the treasuries of the House of יהוה and in the sovereign’s house, and sent them to Ḥaza’ĕl sovereign of Aram. Then he went away from Yerushalayim. (2 Kings 12:18 [TS2009])

see, I am building a House for the Name of יהוה my Elohim, to set it apart to Him, to burn before Him sweet incense, and for the continual showbread, and for the ascending offerings morning and evening, on the sabbaths, and on the new moons, and on the appointed times of יהוה our Elohim. This is for Yisra’ĕl aeonially*. (2 Chronicles 2:4 [MODIFIED-TS2009])*

Interlinear Links: *lə·‘ō·lām (aeonially), 2 Chronicles 2:4

“And all the utensils which Sovereign Aḥaz in his reign had pushed aside, when he trespassed, we have prepared and set apart. And see, they are before the slaughter-place of יהוה.”

(2 Chronicles 29:19 [TS2009])

Also, all the heads of the priests and the people trespassed more and more, according to all the abominations of the nations, and they defiled the House of יהוה which He had set apart in Yerushalayim. (2 Chronicles 36:14 [TS2009])

You shall not scatter abroad  your vineyard diverse seed, that the produce should not be set apart*, and the seed which ever you should sow with the produce of your vineyard. (Deuteronomy 22:9 [MODIFIED-ABP])*

Interlinear Links: *tiq·daš (set apart), Deuteronomy 22:9

And Elyashiḇ the high priest rose up with his brothers the priests and built the Sheep Gate. They set it apart and set up its doors, even as far as the Tower of Ḥanan’ĕl they set it apart, as far as the Tower of Ḥanane’ĕl. (Nehemiah 3:1 [TS2009])

Let the song be to you as in a night set apart for a festival, and gladness of heart as he who is going with a flute, to come into the mountain of יהוה, to the Rock of Yisra’ĕl. (Isaiah 30:29 [TS2009])

Set apart battle against her. Arise, and let us go up at noon. Woe to us, for the day goes away, for the shadows of the evening are lengthening. (Jeremiah 6:4 [TS2009])

Lift up a banner in the land, blow a shophar among the nations! Set apart* the nations against her, call the reigns together against her: Ararat, Minni, and Ashkenaz. Appoint a commander against her, bring up horses like hairy locusts. Set apart* the nations against her, with the sovereigns of the Medes, its governors and all its rulers, all the land of his rule, (Jeremiah 51:27-28 [MODIFIED-TS2009])*

Interlinear Links: *qad·də·šū (set apart), qad·də·šū (set apart), Jeremiah 51:27Jeremiah 51:28

Set apart a fast. Call an assembly, gather the elders, all the inhabitants of the land, into the House of יהוה your Elohim, and cry out to יהוה.

(Joel 1:14 [TS2009])

Blow a shophar in Tsiyon, set apart a fast, call an assembly. Gather the people, set the assembly apart, assemble the elders, gather the children and nursing babes. Let a bridegroom come out from his room, and a bride from her dressing room. (Joel 2:15-16 [TS2009])

And he gave back the eleven hundred pieces of silver to his mother, and his mother said, “I had truly set apart the silver from my hand to יהוה for my son, to make a carved image and a moulded image, and now, I give it back to you.” (Judges 17:3 [TS2009])

So they set apart Qeḏesh in Galil, in the mountains of Naphtali, and Sheḵem in the mountains of Ephrayim, and Qiryath Arba, that is Ḥeḇron, in the mountains of Yehuḏah. (Joshua 20:7 [TS2009])

Sovereign Dawiḏ also set these apart to יהוה, along with the silver and gold that he had set apart from all the nations which he had humbled: (2 Samuel 8:11 [TS2009])

“And from the ram of ordination you shall set apart the breast of the wave offering which is waved, and the thigh of the contribution which is raised, of that which is for Aharon and of that which is for his sons. (Exodus 29:27 [TS2009])

This Shelomoth and his brothers were over all the treasuries of the set-apart gifts which Sovereign Dawiḏ and the heads of fathers’ houses, the commanders over thousands and hundreds, and the commanders of the army, had set apart. Some of the booty won in battles they set apart to maintain the House of יהוה. And all that Shemu’ĕl the seer, and Sha’ul son of Qish, and Aḇnĕr son of Nĕr, and Yo’aḇ son of Tseruyah had set apart, all who were setting apart, were under the hand of Shelomith and his brothers. (1 Chronicles 26:26-28 [TS2009])

And Dawiḏ sent messengers, to fetch her. And she came to him, and he lay with her – for she had set herself apart* because of her uncleanness – and she returned to her house. (2 Samuel 11:4 [MODIFIED-TS2009])*

Interlinear Links: *miṯ·qad·de·šeṯ (set herself apart), 2 Samuel 11:4

Where whatever is to be set apart is set apart from the ordinary, hence why “ordinary”, which is the Hebrew word “chol”, is the opposite of set-apart,

so as to make a distinction between the set-apart and the ordinary*, and between the unclean and the clean, (Leviticus 10:10 [MODIFIED-TS2009])*

Interlinear Links: *ha·ḥōl (ordinary), Leviticus 10:10

And the priest answered Dawiḏ and said, “There is no ordinary bread on hand, but there is set-apart bread – provided the young men have kept themselves from women.” (1 Samuel 21:4 [TS2009])

And the priest shall take set-apart water in an earthen vessel, and take some of the dust that is on the floor of the Dwelling Place and put it into the water. (Numbers 5:17 [TS2009])

And that which has been set apart in relation to God is then regarded with importance, value, and honor, and is thus called “set-apart”,

Then Mosheh said to Aharon, “This is what יהוה spoke, saying, ‘By those who come near Me let Me be set-apart! And before all the people let Me be esteemed!’ ” And Aharon was silent. (Leviticus 10:3 [TS2009])

“יהוה of hosts, Him you shall set apart. Let Him be your fear, and let Him be your dread. (Isaiah 8:13 [TS2009])

“This, then, is the way you should pray: ‘Our Father who is in the heavens, let Your Name be set-apart, (Matthew 6:9 [TS2009])

And He said to them, “When you pray, say: Our Father in the heavens, let Your Name be set-apart, let Your reign come, let Your desire be done on earth as it is in heaven. (Luke 11:2 [TS2009])

If, then, anyone cleanses himself from these matters, he shall be a vessel unto value, having been set apart, of good use to the Master, having been prepared for every good work. (2 Timothy 2:21 [TS2009])

and you shall say, ‘Thus said the Master יהוה, “See, I am against you, O Tsiḏon, and I shall be esteemed in your midst. And they shall know that I am יהוה, when I execute judgments in her. And I shall be set-apart in her. (Ezekiel 28:22 [TS2009])

“For when he sees his children, the work of My hands, in his midst, they shall set apart My Name, and set apart the Set-apart One of Ya‛aqoḇ, and fear the Elohim of Yisra’ĕl. (Isaiah 29:23 [TS2009])

And I shall exalt Myself and set Myself apart, and I shall be known in the eyes of many nations. And they shall know that I am יהוה.” ’ (Ezekiel 38:23 [TS2009])

As a sweet fragrance I shall accept you when I bring you out from the peoples. And I shall gather you out of the lands where you have been scattered. And I shall be set-apart in you before the nations. (Ezekiel 20:41 [TS2009])

Thus said the Master יהוה, “When I have gathered the house of Yisra’ĕl from the peoples among whom they are scattered, I shall be set-apart in them before the eyes of the nations. And they shall dwell in their own land which I gave to My servant Ya‛aqoḇ. (Ezekiel 28:25 [TS2009])

“And you shall come up against My people Yisra’ĕl like a cloud, to cover the land – in the latter days it shall be. And I shall bring you against My land, in order that the nations know Me, when I am set apart in you, O Goḡ, before their eyes.” (Ezekiel 38:16 [TS2009])

when I have brought them back from the peoples and gathered them out of the lands of their enemies. And I shall be set apart in them before the eyes of many nations. (Ezekiel 39:27 [TS2009])

who say, ‘Keep to yourself, do not come near me, for I am set-apart to you!’ These are smoke in My nostrils, a fire that burns all day. (Isaiah 65:5 [TS2009])

But set apart יהוה Elohim in your hearts, and always be ready to give an answer to everyone asking you a reason concerning the expectation that is in you, with meekness and fear, (1 Peter 3:15 [TS2009])

“As a sweet fragrance I shall accept you when I bring you out from the peoples. And I shall gather you out of the lands where you have been scattered. And I shall be set-apart in you before the nations. (Ezekiel 20:41 [TS2009])

and you shall say, ‘Thus said the Master יהוה, “See, I am against you, O Tsiḏon, and I shall be esteemed in your midst. And they shall know that I am יהוה, when I execute judgments in her. And I shall be set-apart in her. (Ezekiel 28:22 [TS2009])

And I shall set apart My great Name, which has been profaned among the nations, which you have profaned in their midst. And the nations shall know that I am יהוה,” declares the Master יהוה, “when I am set-apart in you before their eyes. (Ezekiel 36:23 [TS2009])

But יהוה spoke to Mosheh and to Aharon, “Because you did not believe Me, to set Me apart in the eyes of the children of Yisra’ĕl, therefore you do not bring this assembly into the land which I have given them.” These were the waters of Meriḇah, because the children of Yisra’ĕl contended with יהוה, and He was set apart among them. (Numbers 20:12-13 [TS2009])

because you rebelled against My mouth in the Wilderness of Tsin, in the strife of the congregation, to set Me apart at the waters before their eyes. These were the waters of Meriḇah, at Qaḏĕsh in the Wilderness of Tsin. (Numbers 27:14 [TS2009])

because you trespassed against Me in the midst of the children of Yisra’ĕl at the waters of Meriḇah Qaḏĕsh, in the Wilderness of Tsin, because you did not set Me apart in the midst of the children of Yisra’ĕl. (Deuteronomy 32:51 [TS2009])

Exalt יהוה our Elohim, And bow yourselves at His footstool, He is set-apart. (Psalm 99:5 [TS2009])

Exalt יהוה our Elohim, And bow down towards His set-apart mountain; For יהוה our Elohim is set-apart. (Psalm 99:9 [TS2009])

And one cried to another and said, “Set-apart, set-apart, set-apart is יהוה of hosts; all the earth is filled with His esteem!” (Isaiah 6:3 [TS2009])

He sent redemption to His people, Tsadi He has commanded His covenant aeonially*. Set-apart and awesome is His Name. (Psalm 111:9 [MODIFIED-TS2009])*

Interlinear Links: *lə·‘ō·lām (aeonially), Psalm 111:9

And do not profane My set-apart Name, and I shall be set-apart among the children of Yisra’ĕl. I am יהוה, who sets you apart,” (Leviticus 22:32 [TS2009])

They praise Your Name, great and awesome, It is set-apart. (Psalm 99:3 [TS2009])

I am יהוה, your Set-apart One, Creator of Yisra’ĕl, your Sovereign.” (Isaiah 43:15 [TS2009])

Yet You are set-apart, Enthroned on the praises of Yisra’ĕl. (Psalm 22:3 [TS2009])

For thus declares the high and exalted One who dwells always*, whose Name is set-apart, “I dwell in the high and set-apart place, with him who has a bruised and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of bruised ones. (Isaiah 57:15 [MODIFIED-TS2009])*

Interlinear Links: *‘aḏ- (always), Isaiah 57:15

Then Yehoshua said to the people, “You are not able to serve יהוה, for He is a set-apart Elohim, a jealous Ěl is He. He does not bear with your transgression and with your sins, (Joshua 24:19 [TS2009])

And the men of Bĕyth Shemesh said, “Who is able to stand before this set-apart יהוה Elohim? And to whom shall He go from us?” (1 Samuel 6:20 [TS2009])

For He who is mighty has done wonders for me, and set-apart is His Name. (Luke 1:49 [TS2009])

“And I am no more in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to You. Set-apart Father, guard them in Your Name which You have given Me, so that they might be one, as We are. (John 17:11 [TS2009])

And the four living creatures, each having six wings,were covered with eyes around and within. And they do not cease, day or night, saying, Set-apart, set-apart, set-apart, יהוה Ěl Shaddai, who was, and who is, and who is coming!” (Revelation 4:8 [TS2009])

Do not give what is set-apart to the dogs, nor throw your pearls before the pigs, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn and tear you in pieces. (Matthew 7:6 [TS2009])

As opposed to that which is ordinary, which is regarded without importance and honor, since it is merely ordinary,

Or hasn’t the potter a right over the clay, from the same lump to make one part a vessel for honor, and another for no honor*?
(Romans 9:21 [MODIFIED-NHEB])*

Interlinear Links: *ἀτιμίαν (no honor), Romans 9:21

Now in a large house there are not only vessels of gold and of silver, but also of wood and of clay. Some are for honor, and some for no honor*. (2 Timothy 2:20 [MODIFIED-NHEB])*

Interlinear Links: *ἀτιμίαν (no honor), 2 Timothy 2:20

As such, the scriptures are called “set-apart”, because as opposed to other ordinary writings, these writings have value and importance since they contain the truth of everything,

which He promised before through His prophets in the Set-apart Scriptures, (Romans 1:2 [TS2009])

And the commands of God are called “set-apart”, because as opposed to any other ordinary command among men, these commands impart wisdom and life,

For it would have been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than having known it, to turn from the set-apart command delivered unto them. (2 Peter 2:21 [TS2009])

The law of the LORD is perfect, refreshing the soul. The statutes of the LORD are trustworthy, making wise the simple. (Psalm 19:7 [NIV])

See, I have taught you statutes and rules, as the LORD my God commanded me, that you should do them in the land that you are entering to take possession of it. Keep them and do them, for that will be your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the peoples, who, when they hear all these statutes, will say, ‘Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people.’ (Deuteronomy 4:5-6 [ESV])

Blessed are those who find wisdom, those who gain understanding, for she is more profitable than silver and yields better returns than gold. She is more precious than rubies; nothing you desire can compare with her. Long life is in her right hand; in her left hand are riches and honor. Her ways are pleasant ways, and all her paths are peace. She is a tree of life to those who take hold of her; those who hold her fast will be blessed. (Proverbs 3:13-18 [NIV])

And the covenant of God is called “set-apart”, because as opposed to any other ordinary promise among men, this covenant has value and importance since it grants the ends of the earth as inheritance,

to show compassion toward our fathers and to remember His set-apart covenant, (Luke 1:72 [TS2009])

It was not through the law that Abraham and his offspring received the promise that he would be heir of the world, but through the righteousness that comes by faith. (Romans 4:13 [NIV])

Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. (Matthew 5:5 [NIV])

And the calling of God is called “set-apart”, because as opposed to any other ordinary calling among men, this calling has value and importance since it grants aeonial life,

who has saved us and called us with a set-apart calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and favour which was given to us in Messiah יהושע before aeonial time* (2 Timothy 1:9 [MODIFIED-TS2009])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰωνίων (aeonial), 2 Timothy 1:9

Fight the good fight of the faith. Take hold of the aeonial* life to which you were called when you made your good confession in the presence of many witnesses. (1 Timothy 6:12 [MODIFIED-NIV])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰωνίου (aeonial), 1 Timothy 6:12

When the Gentiles heard this, they were glad and honored the word of the Lord; and all who were appointed for aeonial* life believed. (Acts 13:48 [MODIFIED-NIV])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰώνιον (aeonial), Acts 13:48

And even what is meant with a kiss that is “set-apart”, because as opposed to an ordinary kiss among men, this kiss is set apart from any unrighteousness,

All the brothers greet you. Greet one another with a set-apart kiss. (1 Corinthians 16:20 [TS2009])

And God is also called “set-apart”, because as opposed to everything that was ordinarily brought by God into existence in the beginning, only God had no beginning, and is thus set apart from the work of his own hands, which all had a beginning,

I יהוה your Elohim am set-apart.. (Leviticus 19:2 [TS2009])

I יהוה am set-apart… (Leviticus 20:26 [TS2009])

“You are my witnesses,” declares the LORD, “and my servant whom I have chosen, so that you may know and believe me and understand that I am he. Before me no god was formed, nor will there be one after me. (Isaiah 43:10 [NIV])

In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. (Genesis 1:1 [NIV])

“You heard me say, ‘I am going away and I am coming back to you.’ If you loved me, you would be glad that I am going to the Father, for the Father is greater than I. (John 14:28 [NIV])

Which is why there is no one set-apart like God, because there is no one that had no beginning like him,

There is no one set-apart like יהוה, for there is no one besides You, and there is no rock like our Elohim. (1 Samuel 2:2 [TS2009])

Where “set-apartness”, otherwise translated as “holiness”, comes in varying measures, where something can be more set-apart than something else, hence why the the inner place behind the veil is called “most” set-apart, because it is more set-apart than the other set-apart places within the temple of God, since it is of greater importance and more exclusive,

Now the first covenant indeed had regulations of worship and the earthly set-apart place. For a Tent was prepared: the first part, in which was the lampstand, and the table, and the showbread, which is called the Set-apart Place. And after the second veil, the part of the Tent which is called Most Set-apart, (Hebrews 9:1-3 [TS2009])

Or the heavenly place is more set-apart than the earthly place, since it is of greater importance and more exclusive, since what is earthly is more ordinary than what is heavenly, and is subsequently called the “most set-apart place”,

But Messiah, having become a High Priest of the coming good matters, through the greater and more perfect Tent not made with hands, that is, not of this creation, entered into the Most Set-apart Place once for all, not with the blood of goats and calves, but with His own blood, having obtained aeonial* redemption. (Hebrews 9:11-12 [MODIFIED-TS2009])*
Interlinear Links: *αἰωνίαν (aeonial), Hebrews 9:12
So, brothers, having boldness to enter into the Set-apart Place by the blood of יהושע, (Hebrews 10:19 [TS2009])
Now the summary of what we are saying is: We have such a High Priest, who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Greatness in the heavens, and who serves in the set-apart place and of the true Tent, which יהוה set up, and not man. (Hebrews 8:1-2 [TS2009])
And although the heavenly place is more set-apart than the earthly place, the earthly place is also called set-apart because it is set apart from other ordinary places on earth,

And take the ram of ordination and cook its flesh in a set-apart place. (Exodus 29:31 [TS2009])

‘Then Aharon and his sons eat the rest of it. It is eaten with unleavened bread, in the set-apart place. They eat it in the courtyard of the Tent of Appointment. (Leviticus 6:16 [TS2009])

‘The priest who is making atonement eats it, in the set-apart place it is eaten, in the courtyard of the Tent of Appointment. ‘All that touches its flesh is to be set-apart. And when its blood is sprinkled on any garment, you wash that on which it was sprinkled, in a set-apart place.(Leviticus 6:26-27 [TS2009])

‘Every male among the priests eats it. It is eaten in the set-apart place, it is most set-apart. (Leviticus 7:6 [TS2009])

“And you shall eat it in a set-apart place, because it is yours by law and your sons’ by law, of the offerings made by fire to יהוה, for so I have been commanded. (Leviticus 10:13 [TS2009])

“And he shall bathe his body in water in the set-apart place, and shall put on his garments, and shall come out and prepare his ascending offering and the ascending offering of the people, and make atonement for himself and for the people, (Leviticus 16:24 [TS2009])

“So when you see the ‘abomination that lays waste,’ spoken of by Dani’ĕl the prophet, set up in the set-apart place” – he who reads, let him understand – (Matthew 24:15 [TS2009])

And it shall be for Aharon and his sons, and they shall eat it in the set-apart place, because it is most set-apart to him from the offerings of יהוה made by fire – an aeonial* law.” ” (Leviticus 24:9 [MODIFIED-TS2009])*

Interlinear Links: *‘ō·w·lām (aeonial), Leviticus 24:9

And they set up false witnesses who said, “This man does not cease to speak blasphemous words against this set-apart place and the Torah, (Acts 6:13 [TS2009])

crying out, “Men of Yisra’ĕl, help! This is the man who is teaching all men everywhere against the people, and the Torah, and this place. And besides, he also brought Greeks into the Set-apart Place and has profaned this Set-apart Place.” (Acts 21:28 [TS2009])

For Messiah has not entered into a Set-apart Place made by hand – figures of the true – but into the heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of Elohim on our behalf, not that He should offer Himself often, as the high priest enters into the Set-apart Place year by year with blood not his own. (Hebrews 9:24-25 [TS2009])

For the bodies of those beasts whose blood is brought into the Set-apart Place by the high priest for sin, are burned outside the camp. (Hebrews 13:11 [TS2009])

And even among all living souls that were brought into existence, God set apart angels who were created in heavenly places from men and animals that were ordinarily created on earth, hence why they are called “set-apart”,

“For whoever is ashamed of Me and My words in this adulterous and sinning generation, of him the Son of Aḏam also shall be ashamed when He comes in the esteem of His Father with the set-apart messengers.” (Mark 8:38 [TS2009])

“For whoever is ashamed of Me and My words, of him the Son of Aḏam shall be ashamed when He comes in His esteem, and in His Father’s, and of the set-apart messengers. (Luke 9:26 [TS2009])

And they said, “Cornelius the captain, a righteous man and one who fears Elohim and well spoken of by the entire nation of the Yehuḏim, was instructed by a set-apart messenger to send for you to his house, and to hear words from you.” (Acts 10:22 [TS2009])

he also shall drink of the wine of the wrath of Elohim, which is poured out undiluted into the cup of His wrath. And he shall be tortured with fire and sulphur before the set-apart messengers and before the Lamb. (Revelation 14:10 [TS2009])

Then I heard a certain set-apart one speaking. And another set-apart one said to that certain one who was speaking, “Till when is the vision, concerning that which is continual, and the transgression that lays waste, to make both the set-apart place and the host to be trampled under foot?” (Daniel 8:13 [TS2009])

And you shall flee to the valley of My mountain – for the valley of the mountains reaches to Atsal. And you shall flee as you fled from the earthquake in the days of Uzziyah sovereign of Yehuḏah. And יהוה my Elohim shall come – all the set-apart ones with You. (Zechariah 14:5 [TS2009])

when the morning stars sang together and all the sons of God shouted for joy? (Job 38:7 [ESV])

And because angels are set-apart, when they take the form of spirit, which is the form of wind, they are then called “set-apart spirit”, which is often translated as “holy spirit”,

 In all their distress He was distressed, and the Messenger of His Presence saved them. In His love and in His compassion He redeemed them, and He lifted them up and carried them all the days of old. But they rebelled and grieved His Set-apart Spirit, so He turned against them as an enemy, and He fought against them. (Isaiah 63:10 [TS2009])
Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world. Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God: (1 John 4:1-2 [KJV])


but he who blasphemes against the Set-apart Spirit has no forgiveness to the aeon*, but guilty* of an aeonial* sin,” (Mark 3:29 [MODIFIED-TS2009])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰῶνα (aeon), ἔνοχος (guilty), αἰωνίου (aeonial), Mark 3:29

Dawiḏ himself said by the Set-apart Spirit, ‘יהוה said to my Master, Sit at My right hand, until I make Your enemies a footstool of Your feet.” ’ (Mark 12:36 [TS2009])

“And when they lead you away and deliver you up, do not worry beforehand what you are to say. But whatever is given you in that hour, speak that, for it is not you who are speaking, but the Set-apart Spirit. (Mark 13:11 [TS2009])

“For he shall be great before יהוה, and shall drink no wine and strong drink at all. And he shall be filled with the Set-apart Spirit, even from his mother’s womb. (Luke 1:15 [TS2009])

And it came to be, when Elisheḇa heard the greeting of Miryam, that the baby leaped in her womb. And Elisheḇa was filled with the Set-apart Spirit, (Luke 1:41 [TS2009])

And Zeḵaryah, his father, was filled with the Set-apart Spirit, and prophesied, saying, (Luke 1:67 [TS2009])

But the birth of יהושע Messiah was as follows: After His mother Miryam was engaged to Yosĕph, before they came together, she was found to be pregnant from the Set-apart Spirit. (Matthew 1:18 [TS2009])

But while he thought about this, see, a messenger of יהוה appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Yosĕph, son of Dawiḏ, do not be afraid to take Miryam as your wife, for that which is in her was brought forth from the Set-apart Spirit. (Matthew 1:20 [TS2009])

I indeed immerse you in water unto repentance, but He who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to bear. He shall immerse you in the Set-apart Spirit and fire. (Matthew 3:11 [TS2009])

“And whoever speaks a word against the Son of Aḏam, it shall be forgiven him, but whoever speaks against the Set-apart Spirit, it shall not be forgiven him, either in this aeon* or in the one coming*. (Matthew 12:32 [MODIFIED-TS2009])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰῶνι (aeon), μέλλοντι (coming), Matthew 12:32

I indeed did immerse you in water, but He shall immerse you in the Set-apart Spirit. (Mark 1:8 [TS2009])

And it had been revealed to him by the Set-apart Spirit that he would not see death before he sees the Messiah of יהוה. (Luke 2:26 [TS2009])

Yoḥanan answered, saying to them all, “I indeed immerse you in water, but One mightier than I is coming, whose sandal straps I am not worthy to loosen. He shall immerse you in the Set-apart Spirit and fire. (Luke 3:16 [TS2009])

and the Set-apart Spirit descended in bodily form like a dove upon Him, and a voice came from heaven saying, “You are My Son, the Beloved, in You I did delight.” (Luke 3:22 [TS2009])

And יהושע, being filled with the Set-apart Spirit, returned from the Yardĕn and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness, (Luke 4:1 [TS2009])

If you then, being wicked, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more shall your Father from heaven give the Set-apart Spirit to those asking Him! (Luke 11:13 [TS2009])

“And everyone who shall speak a word against the Son of Aḏam, it shall be forgiven him, but to him who has blasphemed against the Set-apart Spirit, it shall not be forgiven. (Luke 12:10 [TS2009])

for the Set-apart Spirit shall teach you in that very hour what you should say.” (Luke 12:12 [TS2009])

“And I did not know Him, but He who sent me to immerse in water said to me, ‘Upon whom you see the Spirit coming down and remaining on Him, this is He who immerses in the Set-apart Spirit.’ (John 1:33 [TS2009])

“But the Helper, the Set-apart Spirit, whom the Father shall send in My Name, He shall teach you all, and remind you of all that I said to you. (John 14:26 [TS2009])

But Kĕpha said, “Ḥananyah, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Set-apart Spirit and keep back from the price of the land for yourself? (Acts 5:3 [TS2009])

But you, beloved ones, building yourselves up on your most set-apart belief, praying in the Set-apart Spirit, (Jude 1:20 [TS2009])

Then Kĕpha, filled with the Set-apart Spirit, said to them, “Rulers of the people and elders of Yisra’ĕl: (Acts 4:8 [TS2009])

And having said this, He breathed on them, and said to them, “Receive the Set-apart Spirit. (John 20:22 [TS2009])

until the day when He was taken up, after giving instructions through the Set-apart Spirit to the emissaries whom He had chosen, (Acts 1:2 [TS2009])

And the messenger answering, said to her, “The Set-apart Spirit shall come upon you, and the power of the Most High shall overshadow you. And for that reason the Set-apart One born of you shall be called: Son of Elohim. (Luke 1:35 [TS2009])

As such, even among those that are set-apart in heavenly places, there are those that are more set-apart than others, hence why there is one that is called “most” set-apart,

“Seventy weeks are decreed for your people and for your set-apart city, to put an end to the transgression, and to seal up sins, and to cover crookedness, and to bring in aeonial* righteousness, and to seal up vision and prophet, and to anoint the Most Set-apart. (Daniel 9:24 [MODIFIED-TS2009])*

Interlinear Links: *‘ō·w·lā·mîm (aeonial), Daniel 9:24

Because Jesus Christ, who is the one referred to in this prophecy as the “most set-apart”, who came down from heaven,

For I have come down from heaven not to do my will but to do the will of him who sent me. (John 6:38 [NIV])

Is the only living soul that came into existence directly from the Father, in day one of creation,

He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation. (Colossians 1:15 [ESV])

I will tell of the decree: The LORD said to me, “You are my Son; today I have begotten you. (Psalm 2:7 [ESV])

“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have aeonial* life. (John 3:16 [MODIFIED-ESV])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰώνιον (aeonial), John 3:16

The LORD brought me forth as the first of his works, before his deeds of old; I was formed long ages ago, at the very beginning, when the world came to be. When there were no watery depths, I was given birth, when there were no springs overflowing with water; before the mountains were settled in place, before the hills, I was given birth,
(Proverbs 8:22-25 [NIV])

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God He was with God in the beginning. (John 1:1-2 [NIV])

Whereas all other living souls, man and animal that were ordinarily made on earth, and even angels that were made and set apart in heaven, came into existence through Jesus Christ after he first came into existence,

because by him were created – all in the heavens and upon the earth; the visible, and the invisible; whether thrones, or lordships, or rulers, or authorities – all by him and for him were created. (Colossians 1:16 [INTERLINEARIZED])*

Interlinear Links: *Colossians 1:16

All through him emerged, and without him emerged not even one that has emerged. (John 1:3 [INTERLINEARIZED])

Interlinear Links: *John 1:3

Yet to us one God the Father of whom all and we for him and one Lord Jesus Christ through whom all and we by him (1 Corinthians 8:6 [INTERLINEARIZED])

Interlinear Links: *1 Corinthians 8:6

Which is how he was set apart from all living souls, including angels, before he was sent into the world,

what about the one whom the Father set apart as his very own and sent into the world? Why then do you accuse me of blasphemy because I said, ‘I am God’s Son’? (John 10:36 [NIV])

And is thus the “set-apart one of Israel” referenced in many of these prophecies,

Therefore, as a tongue of fire devours the stubble, and the flame consumes the chaff, their root is as rottenness, and their blossom goes up like dust – because they have rejected the Torah of יהוה of hosts, and despised the Word of the Set-apart One of Yisra’ĕl. (Isaiah 5:24 [TS2009])

And the Light of Yisra’ĕl shall be for a fire, and his Set-apart One for a flame. And it shall burn and devour his weeds and his thornbushes in one day, (Isaiah 10:17 [TS2009])

And in that day it shall be that the remnant of Yisra’ĕl, and those who have escaped of the house of Ya‛aqoḇ, never again lean upon him who struck them, but shall lean upon יהוה, the Set-apart One of Yisra’ĕl, in truth. (Isaiah 10:20 [TS2009])

“Cry aloud and shout, O inhabitant of Tsiyon, for great is the Set-apart One of Yisra’ĕl in your midst!” (Isaiah 12:6 [TS2009])

In that day man shall look to his Maker, and his eyes turn to the Set-apart One of Yisra’ĕl. (Isaiah 17:7 [TS2009])

And the meek ones shall increase their joy in יהוה, and the poor among men rejoice in the Set-apart One of Yisra’ĕl. (Isaiah 29:19 [TS2009])

“For when he sees his children, the work of My hands, in his midst, they shall set apart My Name, and set apart the Set-apart One of Ya‛aqoḇ, and fear the Elohim of Yisra’ĕl. (Isaiah 29:23 [TS2009])

Alas, sinning nation, a people loaded with crookedness, a seed of evil-doers, sons acting corruptly! They have forsaken יהוה, they have provoked the Set-apart One of Yisra’ĕl, they went backward. (Isaiah 1:4 [TS2009])

The fear of יהוה is the beginning of wisdom, And the knowledge of the Set-apart One is understanding. (Proverbs 9:10 [TS2009])

And I have not learned wisdom That I should know the knowledge of the Set-apart One. (Proverbs 30:3 [TS2009])

saying, “Ha! What have we to do with You, יהושע of Natsareth? Did You come to destroy us? I know who You are: the Set-apart One of Elohim!” (Mark 1:24 [TS2009])

But you denied the Set-apart and Righteous One, and asked that a man, a murderer, be granted you. (Acts 3:14 [TS2009])

“For truly, in this city there were gathered together against Your set-apart Servant יהושע, whom You anointed, both Herodes and Pontius Pilate, with the nations and the people of Yisra’ĕl (Acts 4:27 [TS2009])

by stretching out Your hand for healing, and signs, and wonders to take place through the Name of Your set-apart Servant יהושע.” (Acts 4:30 [TS2009])

“And to the messenger of the assembly in Philadelphia write, ‘He who is set-apart, He who is true, He who has the key of Dawiḏ, He who opens and no one shuts, and shuts and no one opens, says this: (Revelation 3:7 [TS2009])

and they cried with a loud voice, saying, “How long, O Master, set-apart and true, until You judge and avenge our blood on those who dwell on the earth?” (Revelation 6:10 [TS2009])

For יהוה is our shield, And the Set-apart One of Yisra’ĕl is our Sovereign. (Psalm 89:18 [TS2009])
And he said to me, “The north rooms and the south rooms, which are opposite the separate place, are the set-apart rooms where the priests who approach יהוה eat the most set-apart offerings. There they place the most set-apart items, and the grain offering, and the sin offering, and the guilt offering, for the place is set-apart. (Ezekiel 42:13 [TS2009])

Woe to those who draw crookedness with cords of falsehood, and sin as with wagon ropes, who are saying, “Let Him hurry! Let Him hasten His work, so that we see it! And let the counsel of the Set-apart One of Yisra’ĕl draw near and come, so that we know.” (Isaiah 5:18-19 [TS2009])

Also with the lyre I praise You For Your trustworthiness, O my Elohim! I sing to You with the lyre, O Set-apart One of Yisra’ĕl. (Psalm 71:22 [TS2009])

Aside from the earthly place that is set-apart, items are also set-apart to God, such as the ark of the covenant,

and said to the Lĕwites who were teaching all Yisra’ĕl, who were set-apart to יהוה, “Put the set-apart ark in the house which Shelomoh son of Dawiḏ, sovereign of Yisra’ĕl, built. It is no longer to be a burden on your shoulders. Now serve יהוה your Elohim and His people Yisra’ĕl, (2 Chronicles 35:3 [TS2009])

And the entire camp or city that surrounds the set-apart place is also set-apart,

For יהוה your Elohim walks in the midst of your camp, to deliver you and give your enemies over to you. Therefore your camp shall be set-apart, so that He does not see unclean matter among you, and shall turn away from you. (Deuteronomy 23:14 [TS2009])

“But cast out the court which is outside the Dwelling Place, and do not measure it, for it has been given to the nations, and they shall trample the set-apart city under foot for forty-two months. (Revelation 11:2 [TS2009])

Then the devil took Him up into the set-apart city, set Him on the edge of the Set-apart Place, (Matthew 4:5 [TS2009])

Certain times are also set apart from other ordinary times,

“Speak to the children of Yisra’ĕl, and say to them, ‘The appointed times of יהוה, which you are to proclaim as set-apart gatherings, My appointed times, are these: (Leviticus 23:2 [TS2009])

and afterward the continual ascending offering, and those for new moons and for all the appointed times of יהוה that were set-apart, also for everyone who volunteered a voluntary offering to יהוה. (Ezra 3:5 [TS2009])

And Neḥemyah, who was the governor, and Ezra the priest, the scribe, and the Lĕwites who taught the people said to all the people, “This day is set-apart to יהוה your Elohim. Do not mourn or weep.” For all the people wept when they heard the words of the Torah. Then he said to them, “Go, eat the fat, drink the sweet, and send portions to those for whom none is prepared. For this day is set-apart to our Master. Do not be sad, for the joy of יהוה is your strength.” And the Lĕwites were silencing all the people, saying, “Hush, for the day is set-apart, do not be sad.” (Nehemiah 8:9-11 [TS2009])

Such as the seventh day, which was set apart from the other more ordinary six days,

And Elohim blessed the seventh day and set it apart, because on it He rested from all His work which Elohim in creating had made. (Genesis 2:3 [TS2009])

If you do turn back your foot from the Sabbath, from doing your pleasure on My set-apart day, and shall call the Sabbath ‘a delight,’ the set-apart day of יהוה ‘esteemed,’ and shall esteem it, not doing your own ways, nor finding your own pleasure, nor speaking your own words, (Isaiah 58:13 [TS2009])

And I commanded the Lĕwites that they should cleanse themselves, and they should come, guarding the gates, to set apart the Sabbath day. Remember me, O my Elohim, concerning this also, and pardon me according to the greatness of Your loving-commitment! (Nehemiah 13:22 [TS2009])

And set apart My Sabbaths, and they shall be a sign between Me and you, to know that I am יהוה your Elohim.’ (Ezekiel 20:20 [TS2009])

Guard the Sabbath day, to set it apart, as יהוה your Elohim commanded you. (Deuteronomy 5:12 [TS2009])

Remember the Sabbath day, to set it apart. (Exodus 20:8 [TS2009])

Where as opposed to the ordinary work that was done in six days, God rested on the seventh day and thus set that day apart,

For in six days יהוה made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore יהוה blessed the Sabbath day and set it apart. (Exodus 20:11 [TS2009])

And the festivals of the Law of God are set-apart times, such as the Passover and Feast of Unleavened Bread,

These are the appointed times of יהוה, set-apart gatherings which you are to proclaim at their appointed times. ‘In the first new moon, on the fourteenth day of the new moon, between the evenings, is the Passover to יהוה. ‘And on the fifteenth day of this new moon is the Festival of Unleavened Bread to יהוה – seven days you eat unleavened bread. (Leviticus 23:4-6 [TS2009])
And also every fiftieth year is a set-apart time,
And you shall set the fiftieth year apart, and proclaim release throughout all the land to all its inhabitants, it is a “Yoḇel” for you. And each of you shall return to his possession, and each of you return to his clan. (Leviticus 25:10 [TS2009])
Mount Sinai itself was also set apart, which was set apart with boundaries from surrounding ordinary grounds,

And Mosheh said to יהוה, “The people are not able to come up to Mount Sinai, for You warned us, saying, ‘Make a border around the mountain and set it apart.’ ” (Exodus 19:23 [TS2009])

For it was the mountain God would descend on,

Mount Sinai was covered with smoke, because the LORD descended on it in fire. The smoke billowed up from it like smoke from a furnace, and the whole mountain trembled violently. (Exodus 19:18 [NIV])

Certain parts of the body can also be set apart, such as the head of those that do a Nazirite vow, which is set apart by letting the hair grow long,

All the days of the vow of his separation a razor does not come upon his head. Until the days are completed for which he does separate himself to יהוה, he is set-apart. He shall let the locks of the hair of his head grow long. (Numbers 6:5 [TS2009])

and the priest shall prepare one as a sin offering and the other as an ascending offering, and shall make atonement for him, because he sinned by reason of the dead body. And he shall set apart his head on that day, (Numbers 6:11 [TS2009])

A heavenly city has also been set apart from all other more ordinary cities on earth, adorned with precious metals and beauty, which will eventually come down unto a new earth, the new Jerusalem,

And I, Yoḥanan, saw the set-apart city, new* Yerushalayim, coming down out of the heaven from Elohim, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. (Revelation 21:2 [MODIFIED-TS2009])*

Interlinear Links: *καινὴν (new), Revelation 21:2

And he carried me away in the Spirit to a great and high mountain, and showed me the great city, the set-apart Yerushalayim, descending out of the heaven from Elohim, (Revelation 21:10 [TS2009])

But you have drawn near to Mount Tsiyon and to the city of the living Elohim, to the heavenly Yerushalayim, to myriads of messengers, (Hebrews 12:22 [TS2009])

It shone with the glory of God, and its brilliance was like that of a very precious jewel, like a jasper, clear as crystal.  It had a great, high wall with twelve gates, and with twelve angels at the gates. On the gates were written the names of the twelve tribes of Israel. There were three gates on the east, three on the north, three on the south and three on the west. The wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them were the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb… The wall was made of jasper, and the city of pure gold, as pure as glass. The foundations of the city walls were decorated with every kind of precious stone. The first foundation was jasper, the second sapphire, the third agate, the fourth emerald, the fifth onyx, the sixth ruby, the seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth turquoise, the eleventh jacinth, and the twelfth amethyst. The twelve gates were twelve pearls, each gate made of a single pearl. The great street of the city was of gold, as pure as transparent glass.
(Revelation 21:11-21 [NIV])

Those who partake in the first resurrection are also called “set apart”, because as opposed to all other ordinary inhabitants on the earth, these will become immortal, will rule over all the earth, and will also not be injured by the second death that many in the second and more ordinary resurrection will experience,

Blessed and set-apart is the one having part in the first resurrection. The second death possesses no authority over these, but they shall be priests of Elohim and of Messiah, and shall reign with Him a thousand years. (Revelation 20:6 [TS2009])

The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand years were ended… And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Then another book was opened, which is the book of life. And the dead were judged by what was written in the books, according to what they had done. And the sea gave up the dead who were in it, Death and Hades gave up the dead who were in them, and they were judged, each one of them, according to what they had done. Then Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. And if anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.
(Revelation 20:5-15 [NIV])

As such, something or someone does not become set-apart by touching what is set-apart,

If one bears set-apart meat in the fold of his garment, and with the edge he touches bread or stew, or wine or oil, or any food, is it set-apart?” ‘ ” And the priests answered and said, “No.” (Haggai 2:12 [TS2009])

But rather, what is set-apart becomes unclean by touching what is unclean,

Then Haggai said, “If someone who is unclean by contact with a dead body touches any of these, does it become unclean?” The priests answered and said, “It does become unclean.” (Haggai 2:13 [ESV])

But someone who is set-apart does not become unclean by touching an unclean unbelieving spouse, but rather, an unbelieving spouse becomes set apart through the wife should he believe, in similar manner that children become set apart by their believing parents,

For the unbelieving husband is* set-apart in the wife, and the unbelieving wife is* set-apart in the husband. Otherwise your children would be unclean, but now they are set-apart. (1 Corinthians 7:14 [MODIFIED-TS2009])*

Interlinear Links: *1 Corinthians 7:14

How do you know, wife, whether you will save your husband? Or, how do you know, husband, whether you will save your wife? (1 Corinthians 7:16 [NIV])

And also, whatever is included in what is set-apart is also set-apart, just as the branches are set-apart if the root is set-apart, because the branches are included as part of the tree that is set apart by the root,

Now if the first-fruit is set-apart, the lump is also. And if the root is set-apart, so are the branches. (Romans 11:16 [TS2009])

As such, whatever God wants us to set apart,

Guard the Sabbath day, to set it apart, as יהוה your Elohim commanded you. (Deuteronomy 5:12 [TS2009])

Will have a command or commands on how to set it apart from the ordinary, such as the command to set apart the seventh day by resting on it,

‘Six days work is done, and on the seventh is a Sabbath of rest, set-apart to יהוה…(Exodus 31:15 [TS2009])

Work is done for six days, but on the seventh day it shall be set-apart to you, a Sabbath of rest to יהוה. Anyone doing work on it is put to death. (Exodus 35:2 [TS2009])

nor take a burden out of your houses on the Sabbath day, nor do any work. And you shall set apart the Sabbath day, as I commanded your fathers. (Jeremiah 17:22 [TS2009])

“And it shall be, if you diligently obey Me,” declares יהוה, “to bring in no burden through the gates of this city on the Sabbath day, and set apart the Sabbath day, to do no work in it, (Jeremiah 17:24 [TS2009])

“But if you do not obey Me to set apart the Sabbath day, and not to bear a burden when entering the gates of Yerushalayim on the Sabbath day, then I shall kindle a fire in its gates, and it shall consume the palaces of Yerushalayim, and not be quenched.” (Jeremiah 17:27 [TS2009])

And the commands on how to set apart the place that would be called “set-apart” that God would dwell in, along with its furnishings, utensils, and altar,

and shall take the anointing oil, and anoint the Dwelling Place and all that is in it, and shall set it and all its utensils apart, and it shall be set-apart. “And you shall anoint the slaughter-place of the ascending offering and all its utensils, and set the slaughter-place apart, and the slaughter-place shall be most set-apart. “And you shall anoint the basin and its stand, and set it apart. (Exodus 40:9-11 [TS2009])

And Mosheh took the anointing oil and anointed the Dwelling Place and all that was in it, and set them apart.
And he sprinkled some of it on the slaughter-place seven times, and anointed the slaughter-place and all its utensils, and the basin and its base, to set them apart.
(Leviticus 8:10-11 [TS2009])

and it was slain. And Mosheh took the blood, and put some on the horns of the slaughter-place all around with his finger, and cleansed the slaughter-place. And he poured the blood at the base of the slaughter-place, and set it apart, to make atonement on* it. (Leviticus 8:15 [MODIFIED-TS2009])*

Interlinear Links: *‘ā·lāw (on), Leviticus 8:15

And there I shall meet with the children of Yisra’ĕl, and it shall be set apart by My esteem. “And I shall set apart the Tent of Appointment and the slaughter-place. And Aharon and his sons I set apart to serve as priests to Me. (Exodus 29:43-44 [TS2009])

Now do not stiffen your neck, like your fathers, stretch forth the hand to יהוה, and come to His set-apart place, which He has set apart aeonially*, and serve יהוה your Elohim, so that His burning wrath turns away from you. (2 Chronicles 30:8 [MODIFIED-TS2009])*

Interlinear Links: *lə·‘ō·lām (aeonially), 2 Chronicles 30:8

Fools and blind! For which is greater, the gold or the Dwelling Place that sets the gold apart?” (Matthew 23:17 [TS2009])

Where as commanded by the Law of God, whatever touches the altar must be set-apart,

And with it you shall anoint the Tent of Appointment and the ark of the Witness,” and the table and all its utensils, and the lampstand and its utensils, and the slaughter-place of incense, and the slaughter-place of ascending offering with all its utensils, and the basin and its stand. “And you shall set them apart, and they shall be most set-apart. Whatever touches them is to be set-apart. (Exodus 30:26-29 [TS2009])

“And it shall be on the forehead of Aharon, and Aharon shall bear the guilt of the set-apart gifts which the children of Yisra’ĕl set apart in all their set-apart gifts. And it shall always be on his forehead, for acceptance for them before יהוה. (Exodus 28:38 [TS2009])

or allow them to bear the crookedness of trespass when they eat their set-apart offerings. For I am יהוה, who sets them apart.’ ” (Leviticus 22:16 [TS2009])

And יהוה spoke to Aharon, “And see, I Myself have also given you the charge of My contributions, all the set-apart gifts of the children of Yisra’ĕl. I have given them to you for the anointing, and to your sons, as a law aeonially*. (Numbers 18:8 [MODIFIED-TS2009])*

Interlinear Links: *‘ō·w·lām (aeonially), Numbers 18:8

and bear no sin because of it, when you have presented the best of it, and do not profane the set-apart gifts of the children of Yisra’ĕl, lest you die.’ ” (Numbers 18:32 [TS2009])
Where the offerings are then burned and set apart by the altar, where as commanded by the Law of God, only the priests may eat of the offerings, who are set-apart and may touch the offerings,
Fools and blind! For which is greater, the gift or the slaughter-place that sets the gift apart?” (Matthew 23:19 [TS2009])
All the males among the children of Aharon eat it – a law aeonial* in your generations concerning the offerings made by fire to יהוה. All that touches them is to be set-apart.’ ” (Leviticus 6:18 [MODIFIED-TS2009])*
Interlinear Links: *‘ō·w·lām (aeonial), Leviticus 6:18
“Speak to Aharon and to his sons, saying, ‘This is the Torah of the sin offering: In the place where the ascending offering is slain, the sin offering is slain before יהוה, it is most set-apart. The priest who is making atonement eats it, in the set-apart place it is eaten, in the courtyard of the Tent of Appointment. All that touches its flesh is to be set-apart. And when its blood is sprinkled on any garment, you wash that on which it was sprinkled, in a set-apart place. (Leviticus 6:25-27 [TS2009])
And Mosheh diligently looked for the goat of the sin offering and saw it was burned up. And he was wroth with El‛azar and Ithamar, the sons of Aharon who were left, saying, Why have you not eaten the sin offering in a set-apart place, since it is most set-apart, and Elohim has given it to you to bear the crookedness of the congregation, to make atonement for them before יהוה?” (Leviticus 10:16-17 [TS2009])
And let the priests not profane the set-apart offerings of the children of Yisra’ĕl, which they lift up to יהוה,
by allowing them to bear* the crookedness of trespass by eating* their set-apart offerings. For I am יהוה, who sets them apart.’ ” (Leviticus 22:15-16 [MODIFIED-TS2009])*
Don’t you know that those who serve in the temple get their food from the temple, and that those who serve at the altar share in what is offered on the altar? (1 Corinthians 9:13 [NIV])
and they shall eat those offerings with which the atonement was made, to ordain them, to set them apart. But let a stranger not eat them, because they are set-apart. (Exodus 29:33 [TS2009])
And the command on how to set apart the priests,

And you shall anoint Aharon and his sons, and set them apart, to serve as priests to Me. (Exodus 30:29-30 [TS2009])

And יהוה said to Mosheh, “Speak to the priests, the sons of Aharon, and say to them: ‘No one is to be defiled for the dead among his people, except for his relatives who are nearest to him: for his mother, and for his father, and for his son, and for his daughter, and for his brother; and for his maiden sister who is near to him, who has had no husband – for her he is defiled. ‘A leader does not defile himself among his people, to profane himself; they do not make any bald place on their heads, and they do not shave the corner of their beard, and they do not make a cutting in their flesh. ‘They are set-apart to their Elohim and do not profane the Name of their Elohim, for they bring the fire offerings of יהוה, and the bread of their Elohim, and shall be set-apart. They do not take a woman who is a whore or a defiled woman, and they do not take a woman put away from her husband, for he is set-apart to his Elohim. ‘And you shall set him apart, for he brings the bread of your Elohim, he is set-apart to you. For I, יהוה, setting you apart, am set-apart. ‘And when the daughter of any priest profanes herself by whoring, she profanes her father. She is burned with fire. ‘And the high priest among his brothers, on whose head the anointing oil was poured and who is ordained to wear the garments, does not unbind his head nor tear his garments, nor come near any dead body, nor defile himself for his father or his mother, nor go out of the set-apart place, nor profane the set-apart place of his Elohim, for the sign of dedication of the anointing oil of his Elohim is upon him. I am יהוה. ‘And let him take a wife in her maidenhood. A widow or one put away or a defiled woman or a whore – these he does not take. But a maiden of his own people he does take as a wife. And he does not profane his offspring among his people, for I am יהוה, who sets him apart.’ ” And יהוה spoke to Mosheh, saying, “Speak to Aharon, saying, ‘No man of your offspring throughout their generations, who has any defect, is to draw near to bring the bread of his Elohim. For any man who has a defect is not to draw near: a man blind or one lame or disfigured or deformed, a man who has a broken foot or broken hand, or is a hunchback or a dwarf, or a man who has a defect in his eye, or eczema or scab, or is a eunuch. No man among the offspring of Aharon the priest, who has a defect, is to come near to bring the offerings made by fire to יהוה – he has a defect, he does not come near to bring the bread of his Elohim. ‘He does eat the bread of his Elohim, both the most set-apart and the set-apart, only, he does not go near the veil or approach the slaughter-place, because he has a defect, lest he profanes My set-apart places. For I am יהוה, who sets them apart.’ ” Thus Mosheh spoke to Aharon and his sons, and to all the children of Yisra’ĕl. (Leviticus 21:1-24 [TS2009])
“And you shall take some of the blood that is on the slaughter-place, and some of the anointing oil, and sprinkle it on Aharon and on his garments, on his sons and on the garments of his sons with him. And he and his garments shall be set-apart, and his sons and the garments of his sons with him. (Exodus 29:21 [TS2009])
The sons of Amram: Aharon and Mosheh. And Aharon was set apart, he and his sons aeonially*, that he should set apart the most set-apart, to burn incense before יהוה, to serve Him, and to give the blessing in His Name forever. (1 Chronicles 23:13 [MODIFIED-TS2009])*

Interlinear Links: *‘ō·w·lām (aeonially), 1 Chronicles 23:13

And this is the task you shall do to them to set them apart to serve Me as priests: Take one young bull and two rams, perfect ones,” (Exodus 29:1 [TS2009])

“And you shall put them on Aharon your brother and on his sons with him, and shall anoint them, and shall ordain them, and shall set them apart, and they shall serve as priests to Me. (Exodus 28:41 [TS2009])

“And you, speak to all the wise of heart, whom I have filled with a spirit of wisdom, and they shall make the garments of Aharon, to set him apart, for him to serve as priest to Me. (Exodus 28:3 [TS2009])

And even the commands that were given to Moses on how he was to set apart the set-apart ground the angel spoke to him from, “do not come near” and “take your sandals off your feet“,

And the Messenger of יהוה appeared to him in a flame of fire from the midst of a bush. And he looked and saw the bush burning with fire, but the bush was not consumed.3And Mosheh said, “Let me turn aside now, and see this great sight, why the bush does not burn.”4And יהוה saw that he turned aside to see, and Elohim called to him from the midst of the bush and said, “Mosheh! Mosheh!” And he said, “Here I am.”5And He said, “Do not come near here. Take your sandals off your feet, for the place on which you are standing is set-apart ground.” (Exodus 3:2-5 [TS2009])

‘But יהוה said to him, Take your sandals off your feet, for the place where you stand is set-apart ground. (Acts 7:33 [TS2009])

And so, disobedience to a command in how to treat something that is set-apart to God results in death, because it is treating what is set-apart to God as ordinary,

If anyone destroys the Dwelling Place of Elohim, Elohim shall destroy him. For the Dwelling Place of Elohim is set-apart, which you are. (1 Corinthians 3:17 [TS2009])

Put limits for the people around the mountain and tell them, ‘Be careful that you do not approach the mountain or touch the foot of it. Whoever touches the mountain is to be put to death. (Exodus 19:12 [NIV])

And when they came to the threshing-floor of Naḵon, Uzzah reached out toward the ark of Elohim and took hold of it, for the oxen stumbled. And the wrath of יהוה burned against Uzzah, and Elohim struck him there for the fault. And he died there by the ark of Elohim. (2 Samuel 6:6-7 [TS2009])

Everyone doing work on the Sabbath day shall certainly be put to death. (Exodus 31:15 [TS2009])

How much worse punishment do you think shall he deserve who has trampled the Son of Elohim underfoot, counted the blood of the covenant by which he was set apart as common, and insulted the Spirit of favour? (Hebrews 10:29 [TS2009])

“Speak to Aharon and his sons, that they separate themselves from the set-apart offerings of the children of Yisra’ĕl, and that they do not profane My set-apart Name in what they set apart to Me. I am יהוה. Say to them, ‘Any man of all your offspring throughout your generations who draws near the set-apart offerings which the children of Yisra’ĕl set apart to יהוה, while he has uncleanness upon him, that being shall be cut off from before Me. I am יהוה. (Leviticus 22:2-3 [TS2009])
And they shall guard My Charge, lest they bear sin for it and die thereby, when they profane it. I יהוה set them apart. (Leviticus 22:9 [TS2009])
But when he became strong his heart was lifted up, to his destruction, for he trespassed against יהוה his Elohim by entering the Hĕḵal of יהוה to burn incense on the slaughter-place of incense. And Azaryahu the priest went in after him, and with him were eighty priests of יהוה, who were brave men. And they stood up against Sovereign Uzziyahu, and said to him, “It is not for you, Uzziyahu, to burn incense to יהוה, but for the priests, the sons of Aharon, who are set-apart to burn incense. Get out of the set-apart place, for you have trespassed, and there is no esteem to you from יהוה Elohim.” And Uzziyahu was wroth. And he had a censer in his hand to burn incense. And while he was wroth with the priests, leprosy broke out on his forehead, before the priests in the House of יהוה, beside the incense slaughter-place. And Azaryahu the chief priest and all the priests looked at him, and saw that he was leprous on his forehead. And they hurried him from there. And he also hurried to get out, because יהוה had struck him. (2 Chronicles 26:16-20 [TS2009])
Which is what the Hebrew word “chalal” means in relation to what is set-apart, translated as “to profane”, which means to treat as ordinary and to dishonor,
And I shall bring the evil ones of the nations, and they shall possess their houses. And I shall cause the pride of the strong to cease, and their set-apart places shall be profaned. (Ezekiel 7:24 [TS2009])
And although God placed whoever he set apart to himself in heavenly places, he also chose to set apart to himself a people on earth from other ordinary peoples,

For you are a set-apart people to יהוה your Elohim. יהוה your Elohim has chosen you to be a people for Himself, a treasured possession above all the peoples on the face of the earth. (Deuteronomy 7:6 [TS2009])

“And I also gave them My Sabbaths, to be a sign between them and Me, to know that I am יהוה who sets them apart. (Ezekiel 20:12 [TS2009])

“And the nations shall know that I, יהוה, am setting Yisra’ĕl apart, when My set-apart place is in their midst – aeonially*.” (Ezekiel 37:28 [MODIFIED-TS2009])*

Interlinear Links: *lə·‘ō·lām (aeonially), Ezekiel 37:28

for you are a set-apart people to יהוה your Elohim, and יהוה has chosen you to be a people for Himself, a treasured possession above all the peoples who are on the face of the earth. (Deuteronomy 14:2 [TS2009])

‘and you shall be to Me a reign of priests and a set-apart nation.’ Those are the words which you are to speak to the children of Yisra’ĕl.” (Exodus 19:6 [TS2009])

so as to set you high above all nations which He has made, for a praise, and for a name, and for esteem, and for you to be a set-apart people to יהוה your Elohim, as He has spoken. (Deuteronomy 26:19 [TS2009])

But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a set-apart nation, a people for a possession, that you should proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvellous light, (1 Peter 2:9 [TS2009])

And she said to her husband, “Look, I know that this is a set-apart man of Elohim, who passes by us continually. (2 Kings 4:9 [TS2009])

“Call out, please, is there anyone to answer you? And to which of the set-apart ones would you turn? (Job 5:1 [TS2009])

Hush! in the presence of the Master יהוה. For the day of יהוה is near, for יהוה has prepared a slaughter, He has set apart His invited ones. (Zephaniah 1:7 [TS2009])

Set apart to יהוה your Elohim all the first-born males that come from your herd and your flock. Do no work with the first-born of your herd, nor shear the first-born of your flock. (Deuteronomy 15:19 [TS2009])

Look, He puts no trust in His set-apart ones, and the heavens are not clean in His eyes, (Job 15:15 [TS2009])

As for the set-apartones who are on the earth, They are the excellent ones, in whom is all my delight. (Psalm 16:3 [TS2009])

All the days of his separation he is set-apart to יהוה. (Numbers 6:8 [TS2009])

Fear יהוה, you His set-apart ones, For there is no lack to them who fear Him! (Psalm 34:9 [TS2009])

And the heavens praise Your wonders, O יהוה, Your trustworthiness, too, In the assembly of the set-apart ones. (Psalm 89:5 [TS2009])

and the tombs were opened, and many bodies of the set-apart ones who had fallen asleep were raised, and coming out of the tombs after His resurrection, they went into the set-apart city and appeared to many.(Matthew 27:52-53 [TS2009])

And Ḥananyah answered, “Master, I have heard from many about this man, how many evils he did to Your set-apartones in Yerushalayim, (Acts 9:13 [TS2009])

And it came to be, as Kĕpha was passing through all places, that he also came down to the set-apart ones who were dwelling at Lod. (Acts 9:32 [TS2009])

And giving her his hand, he lifted her up. And calling the set-apart ones and widows, he presented her alive. (Acts 9:41 [TS2009])

“And his power shall be mighty, but not by his own power, and he shall destroy incredibly, and shall prosper and thrive, and destroy mighty men, and the set-apart people. (Daniel 8:24 [TS2009])

as He spoke by the mouth of His set-apart prophets, from of old – (Luke 1:70 [TS2009])

whom heaven needs to receive until the times of restoration of all matters, of which Elohim spoke through the mouth of all His set-apart prophets since of old. (Acts 3:21 [TS2009])

for Herodes feared Yoḥanan, knowing that he was a righteous and set-apart man, and he protected him. And when he heard him, he was much perplexed, yet heard him gladly. (Mark 6:20 [TS2009])

To all who are in Rome, beloved of Elohim, called, set-apartones: Favour to you and peace from Elohim our Father and the Master יהושע Messiah. (Romans 1:7 [TS2009])

And the men of Qiryath Ye‛arim came and took the ark of יהוה, and brought it into the house of Aḇinaḏaḇ on the hill, and set apart El‛azar his son to guard the ark of יהוה.

(1 Samuel 7:1 [TS2009])

which also I did in Yerushalayim, and I shut up many of the set-apart ones in prison, having received authority from the chief priests. And when they were put to death, I gave my vote against them. (Acts 26:10 [TS2009])

And He who searches the hearts knows what the mind of the Spirit is, because He makes intercession for the set-apartones according to Elohim. (Romans 8:27 [TS2009])

to the assembly of Elohim which is at Corinth, to those who are set-apart in Messiah יהושע, called set-apart ones, with all those calling on the Name of יהושע Messiah our Master in every place, theirs and ours: (1 Corinthians 1:2 [TS2009])

Should any of you, holding a matter against another, go to be judged before the unrighteous, and not before the set-apart ones? Do you not know that the set-apart ones shall judge the world? And if the world is judged by you, are you unworthy to judge the smallest matters?(1 Corinthians 6:1-2 [TS2009])

imparting to the needs of the set-apart ones, pursuing kindness towards strangers. (Romans 12:13 [TS2009])

And they were jealous of Mosheh in the camp, Of Aharon, the set-apart one of יהוה, (Psalm 106:16 [TS2009])

But now I am going to Yerushalayim to serve the set-apartones. (Romans 15:25 [TS2009])

which was not made known to the sons of men in other generations, as it has now been revealed by the Spirit to His set-apart emissaries and prophets: (Ephesians 3:5 [TS2009])

Greet Philologos and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olumpas, and all the set-apart ones who are with them. Greet one another with a set-apart kiss. The assemblies of Messiah greet you. (Romans 16:15-16 [TS2009])

the words previously spoken by the set-apart prophets, and of the command of the Master and Saviour, spoken by your emissaries, (2 Peter 3:2 [TS2009])

Therefore, set-apart brothers, partakers of the heavenly calling, closely consider the Emissary and High Priest of our confession, Messiah יהושע, (Hebrews 3:1 [TS2009])

Therefore, as chosen ones of Elohim, set-apart and beloved, put on compassion, kindness, humbleness of mind, meekness, patience, (Colossians 3:12 [TS2009])

I call upon you, therefore, brothers, through the compassion of Elohim, to present your bodies a living offering – set-apart, well-pleasing to Elohim – your reasonable worship. (Romans 12:1 [TS2009])

even as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we should be set-apart and blameless before Him, in love, (Ephesians 1:4 [TS2009])

in order to present it to Himself a splendid assembly, not having spot or wrinkle or any of this sort, but that it might be set-apart and blameless. (Ephesians 5:27 [TS2009])

in the body of His flesh through death, to present you set-apart, and blameless, and unreprovable before Him, (Colossians 1:22 [TS2009])

you also, as living stones, are being built up, a spiritual house, a set-apart priesthood, to offer up spiritual slaughter offerings acceptable to Elohim through יהושע Messiah. (1 Peter 2:5 [TS2009])

There is a difference between a wife and a maiden. The unmarried woman is concerned about the matters of the Master, that she might be set-apart both in body and in spirit. But she who is married is concerned about the matters of the world – how to please her husband. (1 Corinthians 7:34 [TS2009])

For in this way, in former times, the set-apart women who trusted in Elohim also adorned themselves, being subject to their own husbands, (1 Peter 3:5 [TS2009])

Set apart to Me all the first-born, the one opening the womb among the children of Yisra’ĕl, among man and among beast, it is Mine. (Exodus 13:2 [TS2009])

And when the days of her cleansing according to the Torah of Mosheh were completed, they brought Him to Yerushalayim to present Him to יהוה – as it has been written in the Torah of יהוה, Every male who opens the womb shall be called set-apart to יהוה” (Luke 2:22-23 [TS2009])

And you shall set him apart, for he brings the bread of your Elohim, he is set-apart to you. For I, יהוה, setting you apart, am set-apart. (Leviticus 21:8 [TS2009])

And Yehoshua said to the people, “Set yourselves apart, for tomorrow יהוה is doing wonders in your midst.” (Joshua 3:5 [TS2009])

“And you shall put the set-apart garments on Aharon, and anoint him and set him apart to serve as priest to Me. (Exodus 40:13 [TS2009])

And you, speak to the children of Yisra’ĕl, saying, ‘My Sabbaths you are to guard, by all means, for it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, to know that I, יהוה, am setting you apart. (Exodus 31:13 [TS2009])

Where the commands on how to be become set-apart to God are found in the Law of God, where obedience to those commands therein is what sets anyone apart from everyone else,

and you shall guard My laws and do them. I am יהוה, who sets you apart. (Leviticus 20:8 [TS2009])

“יהוה does establish you as a set-apart people to Himself, as He has sworn to you, if you guard the commands of יהוה your Elohim and walk in His ways. (Deuteronomy 28:9 [TS2009])

so that you remember, and shall do all My commands, and be set-apart unto your Elohim. (Numbers 15:40 [TS2009])

For the Law not only has commands related to not doing evil, such as murdering or stealing,

You shall not murder. (Exodus 20:13 [NIV])

You shall not steal. (Exodus 20:15 [NIV])

And the Law not only has commands related to doing good, such as giving to the poor,

If anyone is poor among your fellow Israelites in any of the towns of the land the LORD your God is giving you, do not be hardhearted or tightfisted toward them. Rather, be openhanded and freely lend them whatever they need. (Deuteronomy 15:7-8 [NIV])

But the Law also has commands related to being set apart from everyone else, such as commands on what to wear,

“Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘Throughout the generations to come you are to make tassels on the corners of your garments, with a blue cord on each tassel. You will have these tassels to look at and so you will remember all the commands of the LORD, that you may obey them and not prostitute yourselves by chasing after the lusts of your own hearts and eyes. Then you will remember to obey all my commands and will be consecrated to your God. (Numbers 15:38-40 [NIV])

You shall make yourself tassels on the four corners of the garment with which you cover yourself. (Deuteronomy 22:12 [ESV])

“So it shall serve as a sign on your hand and as phylacteries on your forehead, for with a powerful hand the LORD brought us out of Egypt.” (Exodus 13:16 [NASB])

Tie them to your hands and wear them on your forehead as reminders. (Deuteronomy 6:8 [NLT])

“You shall therefore lay up these words of mine in your heart and in your soul, and you shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes. (Deuteronomy 11:18 [ESV])

“And it shall serve as a sign to you on your hand, and as a reminder on your forehead, that the law of the LORD may be in your mouth; for with a powerful hand the LORD brought you out of Egypt. (Exodus 13:9 [NASB])

And even commands related to hair,

Ye shall not round the corners of your heads, neither shalt thou mar the corners of thy beard. (Leviticus 19:27 [KJV])

Which are all the commands that define the “righteousness” that then results in becoming set-apart to God, which is required to see God,

And if we are careful to obey all this law before the LORD our God, as he has commanded us, that will be our righteousness.” (Deuteronomy 6:25 [NIV])

Pursue peace with all, and pursue set-apartness* without which no one shall see the Master. (Hebrews 12:14 [MODIFIED-TS2009])*

Interlinear Links: *ἁγιασμόν (set-apartness), Hebrews 12:14

I speak as a man, because of the weakness of your flesh. For even as you did present your members as servants of uncleanness, and of lawlessness resulting in lawlessness, so now present your members as servants of righteousness resulting in set-apartness. (Romans 6:19 [TS2009])

But now, having been set free from sin, and having become servants of Elohim, you have your fruit resulting in set-apartness, and the end, aeonial* life. (Romans 6:22 [MODIFIED-TS2009])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰώνιον (aeonial), Romans 6:22

But יהוה of hosts is exalted in judgment, and the set-apart Ěl is set-apart in righteousness. (Isaiah 5:16 [TS2009])

Which is how Jesus Christ set himself apart,

And for them I set Myself apart, so that they too might be set apart in truth. (John 17:19 [TS2009])

By obedience to this Law, even the least of it’s commands,

Therefore anyone who sets aside one of the least of these commands and teaches others accordingly will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever practices and teaches these commands will be called great in the kingdom of heaven. (Matthew 5:19 [NIV])

For truly I tell you, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished. (Matthew 5:18 [NIV])

It is easier for heaven and earth to disappear than for the least stroke of a pen to drop out of the Law. (Luke 16:17 [NIV])

For the the Law not only reveals the righteousness of God that results in becoming set-apart, but also everything that is sin,

…since through the law comes knowledge of sin.(Romans 3:20 [ESV])

Which is why abstaining from sexual immorality relates to setting yourself apart,

For this is the desire of Elohim: your set-apartness! – that you should abstain from whoring, (1 Thessalonians 4:3 [TS2009])

Seeing all these are to be destroyed in this way, what kind of people ought you to be in set-apart behaviour and reverence, (2 Peter 3:11 [TS2009])

Having, then, these promises, beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all defilement of the flesh and spirit, perfecting set-apartness in the fear of Elohim. (2 Corinthians 7:1 [TS2009])

Because the Law that leads to set-apartness has commands forbidding sexual immorality,

You shall not commit adultery. (Exodus 20:14 [NIV])

You shall not lie with a male as one lies with a female; it is an abomination. (Leviticus 18:22 [NASB])

And this is why a man becomes set apart by the word of God,

Set them apart in Your truth – Your Word is truth. (John 17:17 [TS2009])

Husbands, love your wives, as Messiah also did love the assembly and gave Himself for it, in order to set it apart and cleanse it with the washing of water by the Word, (Ephesians 5:25-26 [TS2009])
“And now, brothers, I commit you to Elohim and to the word of His favour, which is able to build you up and give you an inheritance among all those having been set apart. (Acts 20:32 [TS2009])
And such were some of you. But you were washed, but you were set apart, but you were declared right in the Name of the Master יהושע and by the Spirit of our Elohim. (1 Corinthians 6:11 [TS2009])

Because the Law is the word of God, which are the words given by God in the form of commands, “word of God”, which leads to set-apartness,

Your word is a lamp for my feet, a light on my path. (Psalm 119:105 [NIV])

They read from the book, from the Law of God, clearly, and they gave the sense, so that the people understood the reading. (Nehemiah 8:8 [ESV])

Give me understanding, so that I may keep your law and obey it with all my heart. (Psalm 119:34 [NIV])

I am Your servant; give me understanding, That I may know Your testimonies. (Psalm 119:125 [NASB])

For the commandment is a lamp and the teaching a light, and the reproofs of discipline are the way of life, (Proverbs 6:23 [ESV])

The unfolding of your words gives light; it imparts understanding to the simple. (Psalm 119:130 [ESV])

Teach me your way, O LORD, that I may walk in your truth; unite my heart to fear your name. (Psalm 86:11 [ESV])

Lead me in your truth and teach me, for you are the God of my salvation; for you I wait all the day long. (Psalm 25:5 [ESV])

Let me hear Your lovingkindness in the morning; For I trust in You; Teach me the way in which I should walk; For to You I lift up my soul. (Psalm 143:8 [NASB])

I will instruct you and teach you in the way you should go; I will counsel you with my eye upon you. (Psalm 32:8 [ESV])

He had been instructed in the way of the Lord. And being fervent in spirit, he spoke and taught accurately the things concerning Jesus, though he knew only the baptism of John. He began to speak boldly in the synagogue, but when Priscilla and Aquila heard him, they took him aside and explained to him the way of God more accurately. (Acts 18:25-26 [ESV])

if you know his will and approve of what is superior because you are instructed by the law; if you are convinced that you are a guide for the blind, a light for those who are in the dark, an instructor of the foolish, a teacher of little children, because you have in the law the embodiment of knowledge and truth— (Romans 2:18-20 [NIV])

Through your precepts I get understanding; therefore I hate every false way. (Psalm 119:104 [ESV])

The law of the LORD is perfect, reviving the soul; the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple;
(Psalm 19:7 [NLT])

The wise of heart will receive commandments, but a babbling fool will come to ruin. (Proverbs 10:8 [ESV])

the precepts of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart; the commandment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes; the fear of the LORD is clean, enduring always*; the rules of the LORD are true, and righteous altogether. (Psalm 19:8-9 [MODIFIED-ESV])*

Interlinear Links: *lā·‘aḏ (always), Psalm 19:9

Whereas lack of knowledge of the the Law will lead a man to walk in disobedience,

[16] as also in all the letters, speaking in them concerning these things; in which some things are hard to comprehend, which the illiterate and unstable make crooked, as also the rest of scriptures, to their own destruction. [17] You then, beloved, foreknowing, guard that not by the delusion of the unlawful ones having been led away, you should fall from your own steadfastness![18] But grow in the favor and knowledge of our Lord and deliverer Jesus Christ! To him be the glory both now and into the day of the aeon*. Amen.
(2 Peter 3:16-18 [MODIFIED-ABP])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰῶνος (aeon), 2 Peter 3:18

I will not punish your daughters when they play the harlot Or your brides when they commit adultery, For the men themselves go apart with harlots And offer sacrifices with temple prostitutes; So the people without understanding are ruined. (Hosea 4:14 [NASB])

When anyone hears the message about the kingdom and does not understand it, the evil one comes and snatches away what was sown in their heart. This is the seed sown along the path. (Matthew 13:19 [NIV])

Nevertheless, I have a few things against you: There are some among you who hold to the teaching of Balaam, who taught Balak to entice the Israelites to sin so that they ate food sacrificed to idols and committed sexual immorality. (Revelation 2:14 [NIV])

Nevertheless, I have this against you: You tolerate that woman Jezebel, who calls herself a prophet. By her teaching she misleadsmy servants into sexual immorality and the eating of food sacrificed to idols. (Revelation 2:20 [NIV])

For the time is coming when people will not endure sound teaching, but having itching ears they will accumulate for themselves teachers to suit their own passions, and will turn away from listening to the truth and wander off into myths.
(2 Timothy 4:3-4 [ESV])

not devoting themselves to Jewish myths and the commands of people who turn away from the truth. (Titus 1:14 [ESV]) 

Many will follow in their depravity, and because of them the way of the truth will be defamed. In their greed, these false teachers will exploit you with tales they have concocted. The longstanding verdict against them remains in force, and their destruction does not sleep. (2 Peter 2:2-3 [BSB])

The lips of the righteous feed many, But fools die for lack of understanding. (Proverbs 10:21 [NASB])

They are darkened in their understanding and separated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them due to the hardening of their hearts. (Ephesians 4:18 [NIV])

Therefore I said, Surely these are poor; they are foolish: for they know not the way of the LORD, nor the judgment of their God. (Jeremiah 5:4 [KJV])

They know nothing, they understand nothing; their eyes are plastered over so they cannot see, and their minds closed so they cannot understand. (Isaiah 44:18 [NIV])

The ox knows its master, the donkey its owner’s manger, but Israel does not know, my people do not understand.” (Isaiah 1:3 [NIV])

When its boughs are dry, they are broken; women come and make a fire of them. For this is a people without discernment; therefore he who made them will not have compassion on themhe who formed them will show them no favor. (Isaiah 27:11 [ESV])

They are a nation without sense, there is no discernment in them. (Deuteronomy 32:28 [NIV])

Also, that the soul be without knowledge is not good; and he that hastens with his feet sins. (Proverbs 19:2 [KJ2000])

As such, this is why it is through the Law that a man dies to the Law,

For through the law I died to the law so that I might live for God. (Galatians 2:19 [NIV])

Because it is through obedience to the Law that a man then receives the spirit of God,

And we are His witnesses to these matters, and so also is the Set-apart Spirit whom Elohim has given to those who obey Him.” (Acts 5:32 [TS2009])

Through belief in Jesus Christ,

to open their eyes, to turn them from darkness to light, and the authority of Satan to Elohim, in order for them to receive forgiveness of sins and an inheritance among those who are set-apart by belief in Me.’ (Acts 26:18 [TS2009])

Which then sets apart a man from everyone else by having the sinful nature cut away by the spirit of God, which is the circumcision of the heart,

In Him you were also circumcised in the putting off of your sinful nature… (Colossians 2:11 [BSB])

to be a servant of יהושע Messiah to the nations, with the priestly duty of bringing the Good News of Elohim, so that the offering of the nations becomes acceptable, set apart by the Set-apart Spirit. (Romans 15:16 [TS2009])

No, a person is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is circumcision of the heart, by the Spirit, not by the written code. Such a person’s praise is not from other people, but from God. (Romans 2:29 [NIV])

chosen according to the foreknowledge of Elohim the Father, set apart by the Spirit unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of יהושע Messiah: Favour and peace be increased to you. (1 Peter 1:2 [TS2009])

But we ought to give thanks to Elohim always for you, brothers, beloved by the Master, because Elohim from the beginning chose you to be saved – in set-apartness of Spirit, and belief in the truth (2 Thessalonians 2:13 [TS2009])

And the Elohim of peace Himself set you completely apart, and your entire spirit, and being, and body – be preserved blameless at the coming of our Master יהושע Messiah! (1 Thessalonians 5:23 [TS2009])

And thus frees the man from sin, thus becoming set apart from everyone else who are still enslaved to sin,

You have been set free from sin and have become slaves to righteousness. (Romans 6:18 [NIV])

For we know that our old self was crucified with him so that the body ruled by sin might be done away with, that we should no longer be slaves to sin– because anyone who has died has been set free from sin. (Romans 6:6-7 [NIV])

For the law of the spirit of the life in Christ Jesus freed me from the law of the sin and of death. (Romans 8:2 [ABP])

But thanks be to God that, though you used to be slaves to sin, you have come to obey from your heart the pattern of teaching that has now claimed your allegiance. (Romans 6:17 [NIV])

We know that every one being engendered of  God does not sin; but the one engendered of  God keeps himself, and the wicked one does not touch him. (I John 5:18 [ABP])

for everyone born of God overcomes the world. This is the victory that has overcome the world, even our faith. (1 John 5:4 [NIV])

Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of God. (1 John 3:9 [KJV])

And is then caused to obey the Law of God, by the spirit of God,

And I will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes and be careful to obey my rules. (Ezekiel 36:27 [ESV])

and that you put on the renewed man which was created according to Elohim, in righteousness and set-apartness of the truth. (Ephesians 4:24 [TS2009])

Hence why he subsequently dies to the Law, because in dying to sin,

[1] What then shall we say? Shall we remain in sin that favor should be superabundant? [2] May it not be. We who died to sin, how shall we still live in it?  (Romans 6:1-2 [ABP])

He has also died to the Law, because the power of sin is the Law,

The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law. (1 Corinthians 15:56 [NIV])

Which is now possible through the shedding of the blood of Jesus Christ,

For by one offering He has perfected for all time those who are being set apart. (Hebrews 10:14 [TS2009])

By that desire we have been set apart through the offering of the body of יהושע Messiah once for all. (Hebrews 10:10 [TS2009])

And so יהושע also suffered outside the gate, to set apart the people with His own blood. (Hebrews 13:12 [TS2009])

Jesus replied, “Very truly I tell you, everyone who sins is a slave to sin. Now a slave has no permanent place in the family, but a son belongs to the aeon*. So if the Son sets you free, you will be free indeed. (John 8:34-36 [MODIFIED-NIV])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰῶνα (aeon), John 8:35

Which the blood of animals was never able to accomplish,

This was a symbol for the time then present, when gifts and sacrifices were offered that could not perfect the conscience of the worshiper. (Hebrews 9:9 [NETBIBLE])

For it is impossible for the blood of bulls and of he-goats to remove sins. (Hebrews 10:4 [ABP])

Which was the purpose of his first coming, to end sin,

Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. (Daniel 9:24 [KJV])

And even though many were set apart previously, such as all the Israelites that were set apart by Moses,

And יהוה said to Mosheh, “Go to the people and set them apart today and tomorrow. And they shall wash their garments… And Mosheh came down from the mountain to the people and set the people apart, and they washed their garments. (Exodus 19:10 [TS2009])

And even all angels that were set apart in heavenly places, not all remained set-apart to God, because they sinned, for whoever is set-apart to God will also obey God,

And Qoraḥ, son of Yitshar, son of Qehath, son of Lĕwi, took both Dathan and Aḇiram the sons of Eliyaḇ, and On, son of Peleth, sons of Re’uḇĕn, and they rose up before Mosheh with some of the children of Yisra’ĕl, two hundred and fifty leaders of the congregation, called ones of the meeting, men of name. And they assembled against Mosheh and against Aharon, and said to them, “Enough of you! For all the congregation is set-apart, all of them, and יהוה is in their midst. Why then do you lift up yourselves above the assembly of יהוה?” And when Mosheh heard, he fell on his face, and spoke to Qoraḥ and all his company, saying, “Tomorrow morning יהוה shall make known who is His and who is set-apart, and bring him near to Him. And let Him bring near to Him the one whom He chooses…  And it came to be, as he ended speaking all these words, that the ground under them split apart, and the earth opened its mouth and swallowed them up, with their households and all the men with Qoraḥ, with all their goods. So they and all those with them went down alive into She’ol, and the earth closed over them, and they perished from the midst of the assembly. (Numbers 16:1-33 [TS2009])

For if God did not spare the angels having sinned, but having cast them down to Tartarus, in chains of gloomy darkness, delivered them, being kept for judgment; (2 Peter 2:4 [BLB])