Commands of the Law Related to Employers and Laborers, and Do Not Muzzle the Ox

This study is available in Spanish here.

To view a list of all studies in this blog, click here.

Recommended before reading this study,

The Soul, the Aeolian Body, Death, the Mistranslation of the Word Spirit, the Identity of the Airflow of God

The Law of Moses Has Not Been Abolished

An employer is anyone who hires a laborer to do any type of work, where in accordance to the Law of God, employers must pay laborers their wages each day before sunset,

You shall give him his wages on his day before the sun sets, for he is poor and sets his heart on it; so that he will not cry against you to Yehovah and it become sin in you.
(Deuteronomy 24:15 [MODIFIED-NASB])

Where any employer who withholds wages from laborers beyond sunset is sinning, because laborers depend on their wages. Employers must also not prevent laborers from eating while they work, which relates with, 

Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain. (Deuteronomy 25:4 [NIV])

Because an employer must also provide food to whoever he hires as a laborer, just as the master’s grain is available for the ox to eat as it treads out the grain, for the Law of God not only regards the need to eat for animals as they work, but also laborers to whom this passage was really speaking of,

Stay there, eating and drinking whatever they give you, for the worker deserves his wages. Do not move around from house to house. (Luke 10:7 [NIV])

For Scripture says, “Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain,” and “The worker deserves his wages.” (1 Timothy 5:18 [NIV])

For it is written in the Law of Moses: “Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain.” Is it about oxen that God is concerned? Surely he says this for us, doesn’t he? Yes, this was written for us, because whoever plows and threshes should be able to do so in the hope of sharing in the harvest.
(1 Corinthians 9:9-10 [NIV])

Because the Law of God is concerned with making food freely available to all, hence why men who enter their neighbor’s vineyard can freely eat from their neighbor’s fields,

If you enter your neighbor’s vineyard, you may eat all the grapes you want, but do not put any in your basket. (Deuteronomy 23:24 [NIV])

If you enter your neighbor’s grainfield, you may pick kernels with your hands, but you must not put a sickle to their standing grain. (Deuteronomy 23:25 [NIV])

“‘When you reap the harvest of your land, do not reap to the very edges of your field or gather the gleanings of your harvest. Do not go over your vineyard a second time or pick up the grapes that have fallen. Leave them for the poor and the foreigner. I am Yehovah your God. (Leviticus 19:9-10 [MODIFIED-NIV])

“‘When you reap the harvest of your land, do not reap to the very edges of your field or gather the gleanings of your harvest. Leave them for the poor and for the foreigner residing among you. I am Yehovah your God.'” (Leviticus 23:22 [MODIFIED-NIV])

When you are harvesting in your field and you overlook a sheaf, do not go back to get it. Leave it for the foreigner, the fatherless and the widow, so that Yehovah your God may bless you in all the work of your hands. When you beat the olives from your trees, do not go over the branches a second time. Leave what remains for the foreigner, the fatherless and the widow. When you harvest the grapes in your vineyard, do not go over the vines again. Leave what remains for the foreigner, the fatherless and the widow. (Deuteronomy 24:19-21 [MODIFIED-NIV])