The Identity of the Two Witnesses of Revelation

This study is available in Spanish here.

To view a list of all studies in this blog, click here.

Recommended before reading this study,

The Soul, the Aeolian Body, Death, the Mistranslation of the Word Spirit, the Identity of the Airflow of God

The Identity of the Antichrist, the Two Beasts of Revelation, and the Whore of Babylon

The Second Coming, the Trumpet Blasts, the Bowls of Wrath, and Inheriting the Earth

Third Temple Before the Second Coming, Temple of Ezekiel During the Millennial Rulership, 42 Months Jerusalem is Trampled, and the 2300 Days of Daniel

The two witnesses mentioned here in the book of Revelation,

And I will appoint my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for 1,260 days, clothed in sackcloth.” They are “the two olive trees” and the two lampstands, and “they stand before the Master of the earth.” (Revelation 11:3-4 [MODIFIED-NIV])

Are not figurative witnesses, but two literal prophets that will eventually die in Jerusalem,

Their bodies will lie in the public square of the great city–which is figuratively called Sodom and Egypt–where also their Master was crucified. (Revelation 11:8 [MODIFIED-NIV])

Which is why there is a distinction between the “1,260 days” they prophesy and the “42 months” the set-apart city is trampled,

But exclude the outer court; do not measure it, because it has been given to the Gentiles. They will trample on the set-apart city for 42 months. (Revelation 11:2 [MODIFIED-NIV])

Because although they both equal 3.5 years, they are expressed differently because one time is figurative, whereas the other time is literal, where the 42 months was a time of 1,260 literal years expressed figuratively, and the 1,260 days is a time of 3.5 literal years expressed literally, where the reason they are mentioned after the sixth trumpet of Revelation,

The sixth angel sounded his trumpet, and I heard a voice coming from the four horns of the golden altar that is before God. It said to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, “Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates.” And the four angels who had been kept ready for this very hour and day and month and year were released to kill a third of mankind. (Revelation 9:13-15 [NIV])

And before the seventh trumpet of Revelation,

And the seventh angel trumped. And there were great voice in the heaven, saying, The kingdom of the world is become of our Master, and of his Messiah, and he shall reign into the aeons* of the aeons*. (Revelation of John 11:15 [MODIFIED-ABP])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰῶνας (aeons), αἰώνων (aeons), Revelation 11:15

Is because that is around the time they die, in between the 6th and 7th trumpets, and since we know the trumpet blasts of Revelation are associated with the second coming of the Messiah Yeshuah,

For the Master himself will come down from heaven, with a loud command, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of God… (1 Thessalonians 4:16 [MODIFIED-NIV])

Then will appear the sign of the Son of Man in heaven. And then all the peoples of the earth will mourn when they see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven… with a loud trumpet call…(Matthew 24:30-31 [NIV])

Then the second coming of the Messiah will be at the end of the sixth seal of Revelation, to thus open the seventh and final seal of Revelation, which are the seven trumpets of Revelation,

I watched as he opened the sixth seal… The heavens receded like a scroll being rolled up, and every mountain and island was removed from its place. Then the kings of the earth, the princes, the generals, the rich, the mighty, and everyone else, both slave and free, hid in caves and among the rocks of the mountains. They called to the mountains and the rocks, “Fall on us and hide us from the face of him who sits on the throne and from the wrath of the Lamb! For the great day of their wrath has come, and who can withstand it?” (Revelation 6:12-17 [NIV])

When he opened the seventh seal, there was silence in heaven for about half an hour. And I saw the seven angels who stand before God, and seven trumpets were given to them.
(Revelation 8:1-2 [NIV])

And these seven trumpet blasts will begin on the first day of the seventh month to fulfill the Festival of Trumpets commanded by the Law of God,

“‘On the first day of the seventh month hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work. It is a day for you to sound the trumpets. (Numbers 29:1 [NIV])

Where the last trumpet to be blasted will be on the tenth day of the seventh month, after the Festival of Trumpets,

Then have the trumpet sounded everywhere on the tenth day of the seventh month; on the Day of Atonement sound the trumpet throughout your land. Set apart the fiftieth year and proclaim liberty throughout the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a jubilee for you; each of you is to return to your family property and to your own clan. The fiftieth year shall be a jubilee for you; do not sow and do not reap what grows of itself or harvest the untended vines. (Leviticus 25:9-11 [MODIFIED-NIV])

Which will be on the Day of Atonement, in a year of Jubilee,

“However, on the tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of AtonementIt’s a sacred assembly for you. Humble yourselves and bring an offering made by fire to Yehovah. You are not to do any work that same day. It’s the Day of Atonement, because your atonement is made in the presence of Yehovah your God. Anyone who doesn’t humble himself that same day is to be eliminated from contact with his people. I’ll eliminate anyone who does work that day from among his people. (Leviticus 23:27-30 [MODIFIED-ISV])

Which is the last trumpet Paul spoke of, where the dead will be raised,

[51] Behold, I speak a mystery to you; we shall not all indeed sleep, but all shall be changed, [52] in an instant, in the blink of an eye, at the last trumpet. For it shall trump, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. [53] For it is necessary this corruption to put on incorruptibility, and this mortal to put on immortality. [54] But whenever this corruptible should have put on incorruptibility, and this mortal should have put on immortality, then shall come to pass the word having been written, Death was swallowed down in victory.
(I Corinthians 15:51-54 [ABP])

And caught up into the clouds to meet the Messiah Yeshuah in the air after his coming,

This is because the Master himself will come down from heaven with the signal of a shout by the head angel and a blast on God’s trumpet. First, those who are dead in the Messiah will rise. 17 Then, we who are living and still around will be taken up together with them in the clouds to meet with the Master in the air. That way we will always be with the Master. (1 Thessalonians 4:16-17 [MODIFIED-CEB])

Which is the resurrection these two prophets will also be resurrected in 3.5 days later, on the tenth day, hence why they are also caught up into the clouds,

But after the three and a half days the airflow of life from God entered them, and they stood on their feet, and terror struck those who saw them. Then they heard a loud voice from heaven saying to them, “Come up here.” And they went up to heaven in a cloud, while their enemies looked on. (Revelation 11:11-12 [NIV])

And since we know the coming of the Messiah Yeshuah will be around autumn in correlation with the Festival of Trumpets, and we know the time of death of the two witnesses, then we know they will apear around the spring time 3.5 years prior to the second coming, where they will have great authority to afflict the earth with plagues, because they are last warning before the day of the second coming,

They have power to shut up the heavens so that it will not rain during the time they are prophesying; and they have power to turn the waters into blood and to strike the earth with every kind of plague as often as they want. (Revelation 11:6 [NIV])

Just as the first coming of Yeshuah came with a forerunner to prepare his way,

the voice of one crying in the wilderness: ‘Prepare the way of the Master, make his paths straight,’” John appeared, baptizing in the wilderness and proclaiming a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins. (Mark 1:3-4)

And these two prophets, which are also called the “two olives”,

These are the two olives… (Revelation 11:4)

Correspond to the two olive branches that come from the two olives spoken of by Zechariah,

Then I said to him, “What are these two olive trees on the right and the left of the menorah?” And a second time I answered and said to him, “What are these two olive branches, which pour out the oil through the two golden pipes?” He said to me, “Do you not know what these are?” I said, “No, my lord.” Then he said, “These are the two anointed ones…(Zechariah 4:12-14)

Where the two olive trees symbolize the Jews, which are the cultivated olive tree, and the Gentiles, which are the wild olive tree,

For if you were cut from what is by nature a wild olive tree, and grafted, contrary to nature, into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will these, the natural branches, be grafted back into their own olive tree. Lest you be wise in your own sight, I do not want you to be unaware of this mystery, brothers: a partial hardening has come upon Israel, until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in. And in this way all Israel will be saved, as it is written, “The Deliverer will come from Zion, he will banish ungodliness from Jacob”; (Romans 11:24-26)

Which implies the branch that comes from the cultivated olive tree pertains to Israel, meaning the prophet that pertains to the cultivated olive tree will come from among Israel, who will also be circumcised, whereas the branch that comes from the wild olive tree pertains the Gentiles, meaning the prophet that pertains to the wild other olive tree will be will come from among the Gentiles, who will also be uncircumcised, and these prophets are also called the “two lampstands”,

These are… the two lampstands… (Revelation 11:4)

For even though they relate to seven lampstands,

And he said to me, “What do you see?” I said, “I see, and behold, a menorah all of gold, with a bowl on the top, and seven lamps upon it, with seven pipes to the seven lamps, which are on top. And there are two olive trees by it, one on the right of the bowl and the other on its left.” (Zechariah 4:2-3)

Each prophet will establish two lampstands among the seven lampstands, meaning they will establish two assemblies among seven assemblies, for a “lampstand” symbolizes an assembly,

and the seven candlesticks are the seven churches. (Revelation 1:20)

For even though there existed assemblies in Jerusalem, Rome, and other cities, when the apostles began to spread the gospel throughout the earth, beginning with Jerusalem,

And after Paul and Barnabas had no small dissension and debate with them, Paul and Barnabas and some of the others were appointed to go up to Jerusalem to the apostles and the elders about this question. (Acts 15:2)

To all those in Rome who are loved by God and called to be set-apart ones: Favor to you and peace from God our Father and the Master Yeshuah Messiah. (Romans 1:7)

Greet also the assembly in their house. Greet my beloved Epaenetus, who was the first convert to the Messiah in Asia. (Romans 16:5)

By the time the visions and prophecies were given to John, which today is called the “Book of Revelation”,

The revelation of Yeshuah Messiah, which God gave him to show to his servants the things that must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John… I, John, your brother and partner in the tribulation and the kingdom and the patient endurance that are in Yeshuah, was on the island called Patmos on account of the word of God and the testimony of Yeshuah. (Revelation 1:1-9)

Only seven assemblies existed in that time that were true assemblies of God, which were located in Asia,

John to the seven assemblies that are in Asia… (Revelation 1:4)

And the other assemblies in Rome, Jerusalem, and other cities had eventually faded away, for the menorah that was commanded to be built and placed in the set-apart place of the temple, which had seven lamps, which sat upon each of the seven branches, which each composed the structure of “seven lampstands”,

You shall make a menorah of pure gold. The menorah shall be made of hammered work: its base, its stem, its cups, its calyxes, and its flowers shall be of one piece with it. And there shall be six branches going out of its sides, three branches of the menorah out of one side of it and three branches of the menorah out of the other side of it… You shall make seven lamps for it. And the lamps shall be set up so as to give light on the space in front of it. (Exodus 25:31-37)

Symbolize seven assemblies that always exist from the first coming of Yeshuah until his second coming, where after one assembly fades away in one place on the earth, then another assembly emerges in another place on the earth, and in this way, the truth of the gospel is spread throughout the earth, during the rulership of the Messiah in heaven, through a remnant, which is organized throughout the earth as seven small assemblies, whereas all the countless assemblies that exist on the earth, are false and not of God,

So too at the present time there is a remnant, chosen by favor. (Romans 11:5)

For many are called, but few are chosen. (Matthew 22:14)

Where not only will these two prophets establish two assemblies out of the seven assemblies, but they will also establish two assemblies that will be perfect, for in the time the visions were given to John, out of those seven assemblies that existed then, only two were perfect, which were the assemblies of Smyrna and Philadelphia,

And to the angel of the assembly in Smyrna write: ‘The words of the first and the last, who died and came to life. “‘I know your tribulation and your poverty (but you are rich) and the slander of those who say that they are Jews and are not, but are a synagogue of Satan. Do not fear what you are about to suffer. Behold, the devil is about to throw some of you into prison, that you may be tested, and for ten days you will have tribulation. Be faithful unto death, and I will give you the crown of life. He who has an ear, let him hear what the airflow says to the assemblies. The one who conquers will not be hurt by the second death.’ (Revelation 2:8-11)

And to the angel of the assembly in Philadelphia write: ‘The words of the set-apart one, the true one, who has the key of David, who opens and no one will shut, who shuts and no one opens. “‘I know your works. Behold, I have set before you an open door, which no one is able to shut. I know that you have but little power, and yet you have kept my word and have not denied my name. Behold, I will make those of the synagogue of Satan who say that they are Jews and are not, but lie—behold, I will make them come and bow down before your feet, and they will learn that I have loved you. Because you have kept my word about patient endurance, I will keep you from the hour of trial that is coming on the whole world, to try those who dwell on the earth. I am coming soon. Hold fast what you have, so that no one may seize your crown. The one who conquers, I will make him a pillar in the temple of my God. Never shall he go out of it, and I will write on him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, the new Jerusalem, which comes down from my God out of heaven, and my own new name. He who has an ear, let him hear what the airflow says to the assemblies.’ (Revelation 3:7-13)

And through their prophesying, not only will the speak against the nations of the earth, and not only will they bring plagues against the nations, and not only will they establish two assemblies, but their teachings will also feed the remaining five assemblies, which will be scattered around the earth, because they will hear the words of these prophets, because their voice will be heard all over the earth, and in this way the vision of Zechariah will be fulfilled who saw a pipes and a bowl through which the oil of the branches feeds all seven lamps of the menorah,

…who stand by the Master of the whole earth. (Zechariah 4:14)

…that stand before the Master of the earth. (Revelation 11:4)

And many will not recognize these prophets of God, and just as the prophets of old were killed by the Israelites, the world will seek to kill these true prophets of God, not just because of the plagues they bring, but because their teachings will be so contrary to the false teachings they’ve heard from the false assemblies, which all trace back to the great mother of all false assemblies, the one seated at the Vatican, and in this way they will even be hated among men that do believe in Yeshuah, because they will hate the truth these men will speak, which will be contrary to the deception they are in, and will thus think these prophets are evil and false, just as it was in former times,

But I tell you that Elijah has already come, and they did not recognize him, but did to him whatever they pleased. So also the Son of Man will certainly suffer at their hands. Then the disciples understood that he was speaking to them of John the Baptist. (Matthew 17:12-13)

O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the city that kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to it! How often would I have gathered your children together as a hen gathers her brood under her wings, and you were not willing! (Matthew 23:37)

There was again a division among the Jews because of these words. Many of them said, “He has a demon, and is insane; why listen to him?”
(John 10:19-20)

And on her forehead was written a name of mystery: Babylon the great, mother of prostitutes and of earth’s abominations… This calls for a mind with wisdom: the seven heads are seven mountains on which the woman is seated (Revelation 17:5-9)

Yet no one can kill these two prophets during the 3.5 years of their prophesying,

If anyone tries to harm them, fire comes from their mouths and devours their enemies. This is how anyone who wants to harm them must die. (Revelation 11:5 [NIV])

Where the plagues they will bring will be so terrible that many will celebrate their death,

For three and a half days some from every people, tribe, language and nation will gaze on their bodies and refuse them burial.  The inhabitants of the earth will gloat over them and will celebrate by sending each other gifts, because these two prophets had tormented those who live on the earth. (Revelation 11:9-10 [NIV])

And they will be killed by the final formation of the “United States of Europe”, which is the beast the rises out of the Abyss, upon whom the great false assembly at the Vatican will be seated, which is in Rome,

Now when they have finished their testimony, the beast that comes up from the Abyss will attack them, and overpower and kill them. (Revelation 11:7 [NIV])

For that is the eighth and final head of the first beast of Revelation,

The beast who once was, and now is not, is an eighth king. He belongs to the seven and is going to his destruction. (Revelation 17:11 [NIV])

The beast, which you saw, once was, now is not, and yet will come up out of the Abyss and go to its destruction. The inhabitants of the earth whose names have not been written in the book of life from the creation of the world will be astonished when they see the beast, because it once was, now is not, and yet will come. (Revelation 17:8 [NIV])

Which is the eighth and final kingdom that comes after the Byzantines as the seventh kingdom, and the Romans as the sixth kingdom, and the Greeks as the fifth kingdom, and the Medo-Persians as the fourth kingdom, and the Babylonians as the third kingdom, and the Assyrians as the second kingdom, and the first kingdom, who were the first to come against the people of God, the Egyptians, which is why five kings had already fallen when the vision was given to John,

And there are seven kings — the five fallen, the one isthe other not yet is come… (Revelation 17:10 [ABP])

For at the time the vision was given, the Romans, which were the sixth kingdom, were in authority, with the previous five kingdoms already fallen, and these two prophets will be born just before the second coming of Yeshuah, and will grow to then fulfill their appointed roles at the precise time when they are appointed to begin their prophesying, and end their prophesying 3.5 years later at the second coming of the Messiah.

Recommended after reading this study,

The Possible Year of the Second Coming in 2026 AD Based on the Jubilee Year Cycles and the 1290 and 1335 Days of Daniel