Aeonial is Not Eternal, Aeons, and the Mistranslation of Forever and Ever

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The word translated as “forever” and “ever”, which are both translated derivatives of the one Greek root word “aión”,

And the smoke of their torment goes up forever and ever, and they have no rest, day or night, these worshipers of the beast and its image, and whoever receives the mark of its name.” (Revelation 14:11 [ESV])

Is not translated as “forever” in this passage,

…God predefined before the aeons* for our glory; (1 Corinthians 2:7 [MODIFIED-ABP])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰώνων (aeons), 1 Corinthians 2:7

Because the Greek word “aión” does not mean “forever”, but rather, it means a long period of time, usually in the thousands of years, with a beginning and an end, which can be translated as “age”, “eon”, or “aeon”, hence

And whoever should say a word against the son  of man, it shall be forgiven him; but the one who should speak against the holy spirit, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in the present aeon*, nor in the one about to be. (Matthew 12:32 [MODIFIED-ABP])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰῶνι (aeon), Matthew 12:32

Let no one cheat himself! If anyone thinks himself to be wise among you in this aeon*, let him become moronish! that he should become wise. (1 Corinthians 3:18 [MODIFIED-ABP])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰῶνι (aeon), 1 Corinthians 3:18

above every sovereignty and authority, and power and lordship, and every name named, not only in this aeon*, but also in the one about to be. (Ephesians 1:21 [MODIFIED-ABP])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰῶνι (aeon), Ephesians 1:21

To the rich in the present aeon*, exhort to not be high-minded, nor to hope upon the uncertainty of riches, but in the living God, in the one furnishing to us all things richly for enjoyment; (1 Timothy 6:17 [MODIFIED-ABP])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰῶνι (aeon), 1 Timothy 6:17

correcting us, that denying  impiety and the worldly desires, sanely and righteously and piously we should live in the present aeon*, (Titus 2:12 [MODIFIED-ABP])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰῶνι (aeon), Titus 2:12

And be not conformed to this aeon*, but be transformed in the renewal  of your mind, in the trying of yourselves, in what is the good and well-pleasing and perfect will of God! (Romans 12:2 [MODIFIED-ABP])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰῶνι (aeon), Romans 12:2

And since the beginning, which was close to six thousands of years ago, there have been aeons that have already passed,

the mystery that has been kept hidden for aeons* and generations, but is now disclosed to the Lord’s people. (Colossians 1:26 [MODIFIED-NIV])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰώνων (aeons), Colossians 1:26

And because an aeon is a finite period of time, the adjective form of “aión”, which is “aiónios”, also does not mean forever, which is why the Hebrew equivalent of the Greek adjective, which is “olam”, is incorrectly translated as “eternal” in this passage,

The blessings of your father excel the blessings of my ancestors and the bounty of the eternal hills. May they rest on the head of Joseph, on the crown of the prince of his brothers. (Genesis 49:26 [HCSB])

Because hills are not eternal nor everlasting, they are “aeonial”, meaning they last for aeons, just as something “weeklong” lasts for weeks, or something “yearlong” lasts for years, or something “centurylong” lasts for hundreds of years, for once this heaven and earth vanishes,

Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will never pass away. (Matthew 24:35 [NIV])

Then I saw a great white throne and him who was seated on it. The earth and the heavens fled from his presence, and there was no place for them. (Revelation 20:11 [NIV])

All hills on this earth will also vanish away. As such, the correct rendering of the verse should be,

The blessings of your father excel the blessings of my ancestors and the bounty of the aeonial* hills. May they rest on the head of Joseph, on the crown of the prince of his brothers. (Genesis 49:26 [HCSB])*

Interlinear Links: *‘ō·w·lām (aeonial), Genesis 49:26

Because hills last for long periods of time, for aeons, hence “aeonial”, but not forever. Even this passage is also mistranslated,

Like the moon it shall be established forever, a faithful witness in the skies.” Selah (Psalm 89:37 [ESV])

Because the moon will not last forever, as is even declared in this other Psalm,

In his days may the righteous flourish, and peace abound, till the moon be no more! (Psalm 72:7 [ESV])

But rather, the verse should be translated as,

Like the moon it shall be established aeonially*, a faithful witness in the skies.” Selah (Psalm 89:37 [ESV])*

Interlinear Links: *‘ō·w·lām (aeonially), Psalm 89:37

Because anything declared to be aeonial means that it has already existed for a long time from the past, for at least one aeon, where the moon, which is aeonial, began to exist from the fourth day since the beginning of “aeonial time”, and will continue to exist until this heaven and earth vanishes,

God made two great lights–the greater light to govern the day and the lesser light to govern the night. He also made the stars… And there was evening, and there was morning–the fourth day. (Genesis 1:16-19 [NIV])

Now to him that is able to establish you according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery which hath been kept in silence through aeonial* times, (Romans 16:25 [MODIFIED-ASV])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰωνίοις (aeonial), Romans 16:25

the One having saved us and having called us with a holy calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace, having been given us in Christ Jesus before aeonial* time, (2 Timothy 1:9 [MODIFIED-BLB])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰωνίων (aeonial), 2 Timothy 1:9

in the hope of aeonial* life, which God, who cannot lie, promised before aeonial* time. (Titus 1:2 [MODIFIED-BLB])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰωνίου (aeonial), αἰωνίων (aeonial), Titus 1:2

Where “aeonial time” began “in the beginning”, where “before aeonial time”, God had a purpose that then brought forth the beginning of aeonial time with predestined aeons,

In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. (Genesis 1:1 [NIV])

according to a purpose of the aeons*, which He made in Christ Jesus our Lord, (Ephesians 3:11 [MODIFIED-YLT])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰώνων (aeons), Ephesians 3:11

but we speak God’s wisdom in a mystery, the hidden wisdom which God predestined before the aeons* to our glory; (1 Corinthians 2:7 [NASB])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰώνων (aeons), 1 Corinthians 2:7

even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him. In love (Ephesians 1:4 [ESV])

Or anything declared to be aeonial will exist a long time into the future, for at least one aeon, which is why the aeonial fire where the devil and his angels will be thrown,

“Then he will say to those on his left, ‘Depart from me, you who are cursed, into the aeonial* fire prepared for the devil and his angels. (Matthew 25:41 [MODIFIED-NIV])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰώνιον (aeonial), Matthew 25:41

Will not burn forever, because everyone thrown into this fire will die, hence why there will be dead bodies in this fire,

“And they will go out and look on the dead bodies of those who rebelled against me; the worms that eat them will not die, the fire that burns them will not be quenched, and they will be loathsome to all mankind.” (Isaiah 66:24 [NIV])

And why it is said that this fire not only “destroys” the body, but also the soul,

And you should not be afraid of those killing the body but not being able to kill the soul. Indeed rather you should fear the One being able to destroy both soul and body in Gehenna. (Matthew 10:28 [BLB])

And why it is said that this fire will be a second death to those who had died once already, yet were resurrected at the final great white throne judgment, to be judged and destroyed with a second death in this fire,

The sea gave up the dead that were in it, and death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them, and each person was judged according to what they had done…The lake of fire is the second death. (Revelation 20:13-14 [NIV])

And why it is said that even Satan and his angels will also die like men in this fire,

I said, “You are gods, sons of the Most High, all of you; nevertheless, like men you shall die, and fall like any prince.” (Psalm 82:6-7 [ESV])

…“‘You were the seal of perfection, full of wisdom and perfect in beauty. 13 You were in Eden, the garden of GodThrough your widespread trade you were filled with violence, and you sinned. So I drove you in disgrace from the mount of God, and I expelled you, guardian cherub, from among the fiery stones. 17 Your heart became proud on account of your beauty, and you corrupted your wisdom because of your splendor. So I threw you to the earth; I made a spectacle of you before kings. 18 By your many sins and dishonest trade you have desecrated your sanctuaries. So I made a fire come out from you, and it consumed you, and I reduced you to ashes on the ground in the sight of all who were watching. 19 All the nations who knew you are appalled at you; you have come to a horrible end and will be no more.’ (Ezekiel 28:12-19 [NIV])

That will result in all who are thrown into this fire to eventually be reduced to ashes,

Then you will trample on the wicked; they will be ashes under the soles of your feet on the day when I act,” says the LORD Almighty. (Malachi 4:3 [NIV])

And once all the wicked are destroyed, this fire will then cease to exist, since it will serve no further purpose, and will vanish away with this heaven and earth as a former thing,

He will wipe every tear from their eyes. There will be no more death’ or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away.” (Revelation 21:4 [NIV])

Yet because this fire will be a lava lake,

…the lake of fire. (Revelation 20:15 [NIV])

Is why this fire is called “unquenchable”, because as a lava flow that does not quench as any ordinary fire does after it consumes something, it will burn aeonially for around a thousand years, from the time the nations are gathered and thrown into it at the coming of Jesus Christ, which marks the end of this current aeon of wickedness,

who gave himself for our sins to rescue us from the present evil aeon*, according to the will of our God and Father, (Galatians 1:4 [MODIFIED-NIV])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰῶνος (aeon), Galatians 1:4

This is how it will be at the end of the aeon*. The angels will come and separate the wicked from the righteous and throw them into the blazing furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.(Matthew 13:49-50 [MODIFIED-NIV])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰῶνος (aeon), Matthew 13:49

All the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate the people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats… “Then he will say to those on his left, ‘Depart from me, you who are cursed, into the aeonial* fire prepared for the devil and his angels. (Matthew 25:32-41 [MODIFIED-NIV])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰῶνος (aeon), Matthew 25:41

Through the next aeon, where Jesus Christ will rule on the earth for the last thousand years of the total seven thousand years appointed for this heaven and earth to exist,

Blessed and holy are those who share in the first resurrection. The second death has no power over them, but they will be priests of God and of Christ and will reign with him for a thousand years. (Revelation 20:6 [NIV])

By the seventh day God had finished the work he had been doing; so on the seventh day he rested from all his work. (Genesis 2:2 [NIV])

For if Joshua had given them rest, God would not have spoken later about another day. There remains, then, a Sabbath-rest for the people of God; (Hebrews 4:8-9 [NIV])

But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. (2 Peter 3:8 [KJV])

Whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven, but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either in this aeon* or in the one to come.
(Matthew 12:32 [MODIFIED-BSB])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰῶνι (aeon), Matthew 12:32

To the time that the dead are judged and thrown into this same fire, which marks the end of that aeon, which means that this fire will burn for one aeon, hence aeonial. And because that is the last aeon of this heaven and earth is why we are at the “ends of the aeons”, because we are already approaching that aeon,

Now these things happened to them as types and were written for our admonition, to whom the ends of the aeons* are arrived. (1 Corinthians 10:11 [MODIFIED-BLB])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰώνων (aeons), 1 Corinthians 10:11

Yet the finality of that aeon marks the beginning of another aeon that commences as a new heaven and new earth,

Then I saw “a new heaven and a new earth,” for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and there was no longer any sea. (Revelation 21:1 [NIV])

And this first aeon in the new heaven and new earth is of a set of aeons called the “aeons of the aeons”, which are a continuum of aeons that continue one after the other indefinitely for appointed times that have not yet been revealed to us,

And there will be no night there; and they have no need of a lamp, and the light of the sun, for the Lord  God enlightens them; and they shall reign into the aeons* of the aeons*. (Revelation 22:5 [MODIFIED-ABP])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰῶνας (aeons), αἰώνων (aeons), Revelation 22:5

Which is the point in time up until the smoke of the torment of each that are thrown into the fire to be destroyed will rise, up to the “aeons of the aeons”, not “forever and ever”,

And the smoke of their torment goes up to* aeons* of the aeons*
(Revelation 14:11 [MODIFIED-BLB])*

Interlinear Links: *εἰς (up to), αἰῶνας (aeons), αἰώνων (aeons), Revelation 14:11

And even the old covenant first established with Abraham, whose sign was the circumcision of the flesh,

This is my covenant, which you shall keep, between me and you and your offspring after you: Every male among you shall be circumcised. You shall be circumcised in the flesh of your foreskins, and it shall be a sign of the covenant between me and you. (Genesis 17:10-11 [ESV])

Which was declared to be an aeonial covenant,

I will establish my covenant as an aeonial* covenant between me and you and your descendants after you for the generations to come, to be your God and the God of your descendants after you. (Genesis 17:7 [MODIFIED-NIV])*

Interlinear Links: *‘ō·w·lām (aeonial), Genesis 17:7

Will eventually come to an end,

In speaking of a new covenant, He has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and aging will soon disappear. (Hebrews 8:13 [BSB])

And even the “continual” bonds of certain angels who are kept reserved in a dark place, which is based from a different Greek root word “aei”, which means “always”, will eventually come to an end once they are released to be judged and destroyed in the judgment of the great day,

And angels that kept not their own principality, but left their proper habitation, he hath kept in continual* bonds under darkness unto the judgment of the great day. (Jude 1:6 [MODIFIED-ASV])*

Interlinear Links: *ἀϊδίοις (continual), Jude 1:6

Do you not know that we will judge angels? How much more the things of this life! (1 Corinthians 6:3 [NIV])

Yet even though there are things that are aeonial that come to an end, there are other things that are aeonial that do not come to an end, because they are separately defined as having no end, since aeonial does not implicitly indicate never ending, where one example is the aeonial kingdom of Jesus Christ,

His dominion is an aeonial* dominion that will not pass away, and his kingdom is one that will never be destroyed. (Daniel 7:14 [MODIFIED-NIV])*

Interlinear Links: *‘ā·lam (aeonial), Daniel 7:14

Of the increase of his government and of peace there will be no end, on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and with righteousness from this time forth and forevermore. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will do this. (Isaiah 9:7 [ESV])

“In the time of those kings, the God of heaven will set up a kingdom that will never be destroyed… (Daniel 2:44 [NIV])

and he will reign over Jacob’s descendants forever; his kingdom will never end.” (Luke 1:33 [NIV])

For in this way there will be richly provided for you an entrance into the aeonial* kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. (2 Peter 1:11 [MODIFIED-ESV])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰώνιον (aeonial), 2 Peter 1:11

For his kingdom is both aeonial, meaning existing in every aeon onwards from the time it begins, and also never ending. Another example of something that is both aeonial and never ending is the aeonial life received by the elect,

who will not receive many times more in this time, and in the aeon* to come aeonial* life.” (Luke 18:30 [MODIFIED-ESV])*

Interlinear Links: *αἰῶνι (aeon), αἰώνιον (aeonial), Luke 18:30

Because whoever receives aeonial life in the next aeon of a thousand years will never die again, since these will not be hurt by the second death,

Whoever has ears, let them hear what the Spirit says to the churches. The one who is victorious will not be hurt at all by the second death. (Revelation 2:11 [NIV])

And death will cease to exist after the aeon of the thousand year rulership of Jesus Christ,

Then death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire… (Revelation 20:14 [NIV])

He will wipe every tear from their eyes. There will be no more death… (Revelation 21:4 [NIV])

Which implies that whoever lives into the aeon of the new heaven and new earth will not only have aeonial life, but will also never die. And so, because God lives in all aeons that he himself has appointed is why he is called aeonial God,

Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beer-sheba, and there he called on the name of the LORD aeonial* God. (Genesis 21:33 [MODIFIED-ISV])*

Interlinear Links: *‘ō·w·lām (aeonial), Genesis 21:33

Recommended after reading this study,

The Sleep of Death in Sheol, the Two Resurrections, and the Lake of Fire Judgment